Black Box Corporation
BLACK BOX CORP (Form: 10-K, Received: 05/12/2016 17:01:37)
Table of Contents                                             

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
 
 
þ
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016
OR
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 0-18706
Black Box Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
95-3086563
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
1000 Park Drive, Lawrence, Pennsylvania
 
15055
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 724-746-5500
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
(Title of each class)
 
(Name of each exchange on which registered)
Common Stock, $.001 par value
 
The NASDAQ Global Market
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. o Yes þ No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. o Yes þ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. þ Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). þ Yes o No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer þ
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o Yes þ No
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of September 25, 2015 (based on closing price of such stock as reported by NASDAQ on such date) was $219,945,388 . For purposes of this calculation only, directors and executive officers of the registrant and their affiliates are deemed to be affiliates of the registrant.
As of April 8, 2016 , there were 15,018,943 shares of common stock, par value $.001 (the "common stock"), outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Proxy Statement for 2016 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the "Proxy Statement") – Part III





BLACK BOX CORPORATION
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 2016
INDEX

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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PART I

Item 1. Business.

Overview

Black Box Corporation ("Black Box," "we," the "Company," "our" or “us”) is a leading technology solutions provider dedicated to helping customers design, build, manage, and secure their IT infrastructure. Offerings under our products platform ("Products") include IT infrastructure, specialty networking, multimedia and keyboard/video/mouse ("KVM") switching. Offerings under our services platform ("Services") include unified communications, data infrastructure and managed services. We employed 3,631 and 3,803 employees as of March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015 , respectively.

We participate in the worldwide communications, network infrastructure and managed services markets. The offerings of our Products platform are sold by manufacturers and integrators and are distributed through value-added resellers, direct marketing manufacturers, mass merchandisers, web retailers and others. The offerings of our Services platform are distributed to these markets primarily through value-added resellers, manufacturers, large system integrators and other technical services companies. We believe that we compete well in both markets on the basis of our solution features, technical capabilities, service levels and price.
We conduct business globally and manage our business on a geographic-service type basis consisting of four operating segments which are (i) North America Products, (ii) North America Services, (iii) International Products and (iv) International Services. Revenues within our North America segments are primarily attributed to the United States while revenues within our International segments are attributed to countries in Europe, the Pacific Rim and Latin America. For revenues and other information (including large customers) regarding these reporting segments, see Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. For information regarding backlog, see Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Products and Services Platforms

Since our founding in 1976, we have built robust operating platforms that allow us to identify customer needs, and then design, source, implement and support the appropriate solutions. Our two platforms for serving customers and generating growth are as follows:

Products Platform
Under Products, we provide networking solutions through the sale of products for IT infrastructure, specialty networking, multimedia and KVM switching.

Our Products' revenues are generated from sales to end-users, collaboration with key channel partners and system integrators and through a global distribution network. Products sells through a direct sales team as well as through its internet site and catalogs. In order to meet client demand, we keep a moderate level of inventory which consumes part of our working capital. The market for these products is a highly fragmented and competitive. The Company has participated in this market for 40 -years and has earned a reputation for providing high quality products, rapid order fulfillment and free 24/7/365 technical support. With an average order size of less than one thousand dollars, the Company's Products revenue is primarily driven by general information technology spending rather than capital spending.

In order to procure our products, we utilize a network of original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") and suppliers throughout the world. Each supplier is monitored for quality, delivery performance and cost through a well-established certification program. This network has manufacturing and engineering capabilities to customize products for specialized applications. Black Box operates its own manufacturing and assembly operation at its Lawrence, Pennsylvania location. The Company chooses to manufacture certain products in-house when outside sourcing is not economical. Sourcing decisions of in-house versus third-party suppliers are based upon a balance of quality, performance, delivery and cost factors.

Services Platform
Services is comprised of engineering and design, network operations centers, technical certifications, national and international sales teams, remote monitoring, on-site service teams and technology partner centers of excellence which includes dedicated sales and engineering resources. The primary services offered through this platform include communications lifecycle services, unified communications, structured cabling, video/AV services, in-building wireless and data center services.


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The Company generates revenues in its Services business from the design, sale and/or installation of new communications and network infrastructure systems, the support of existing systems and moves, adds and changes ("MAC work"). We periodically generate revenues from contracts performed over time that may result in an asset on our balance sheet for multiple periods constituting part of our working capital. We have not experienced significant collectability issues related to such contracts. For the sale and implementation of new communications systems or other major projects, most significant orders are subject to competitive bidding processes and, generally, competition can be significant for such new orders. The Company is continually bidding on new projects to maintain and grow service revenues. Projects account for the majority of Services revenues and are primarily driven by the overall economic environment and information technology capital spending. The Company also serves government clients whose revenues are not as dependent on the overall economic environment as commercial clients but are subject to governmental budgetary constraints.
The Company routinely competes against original equipment manufacturers, large system integrators and local or regional manufacturer-specific channel partners in the Services markets for enterprise clients. The Company believes that it favorably differentiates against this competition through its technology-independent approach which draws the appropriate product from our portfolio of different partner solutions, broad geographic footprint and deep industry and technical expertise. Through its network of operational centers and network operations centers, the Company can provide clients with both on-site and remote services.

Management has initiated programs that it believes will leverage these platforms, introduce the Company into new markets and increase the number of offerings that it can provide to its existing and new clients.

Key Differentiators

Our platforms introduce scale, flexibility and leverage to the business, and provide the following competitive advantages:

A diversified client base: We have built a diversified client base that ranges from small organizations to many of the world's largest corporations and institutions. Black Box clients participate in many industries, including government, healthcare, business services, manufacturing, retail, technology and banking, among others. Revenues from our clients are segmented with 60% from large companies ( i.e. , revenues greater than $1 billion, including federal governments), 20% from medium-sized companies ( i.e. , revenues between $50 million and $1 billion, including state governments) and 20% from small companies ( i.e. , revenues less than $50 million, including local governments). We strive to develop extensive and long-term relationships with high-quality clients as we believe that satisfied clients will demand quality services and product offerings even in economic downturns. Also, we believe that our distinctive portfolio of products and services will allow us to leverage the relationship and introduce additional offerings to satisfied clients.

Key relationships with leading technology partners: We have built long-term relationships with all major communications equipment manufacturers and we are a top partner with the market leaders.

Broad geographic footprint: We have built a global footprint with offices throughout the world.

Deep organic resources: We have 3,631 team members world-wide, with the experience and certifications to serve our clients with on-site and remote capabilities.

Dedicated sales force: We have a team of approximately 400 direct sales people world-wide.

Strong financial position: We have a stable balance sheet and have generated positive cash flow for 40 consecutive years.

Strategic Focus

We believe that the services and products that we provide enable our clients to fully optimize their communications investment. In recent years, our strategy has been based on the following core beliefs about our clients and the markets we serve:

Enablement: Communication is an organization's most important process. When we enable it, we create value.

Independence: Client-focused solutions are better than channel-focused solutions.

Interoperability: Business leaders will choose best of breed solutions and require operational integration.

Innovation: A dynamic communications market requires partners and process to adapt and transform.

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Our overall business growth strategy includes the following four areas of focus:

Strengthen and expand our portfolio of high-value communication solutions.

Leverage centralized expertise with local skills and relationships.

Realign organizational structure and incentives.

Implement a consistent, comprehensive market penetration approach.

We are actively implementing programs that reflect our commitment to this strategy. These programs will continue to diversify our offerings and will reflect client demand in the rapidly changing communications market.

Our fiscal year ends on March 31. References to "Fiscal Year" or "Fiscal" mean our fiscal year ended March 31 for the year referenced. All dollar amounts are in thousands except for per share amounts or unless otherwise noted. We were incorporated in Delaware in 1976, and our headquarters is near Pittsburgh in Lawrence, Pennsylvania. Our mailing address is 1000 Park Drive, Lawrence, Pennsylvania 15055 and our phone number is (724) 746-5500. Our website is http://www.blackbox.com. Through the Investor Relations section of our website, we make available the following filings as soon as practicable after they are electronically filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"): our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. All such filings are available free of charge. Also available on our website is the Company's Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers, Corporate Governance Guidelines and the charter of each committee of the Company's Board of Directors (the "Board") each of which is available free of charge.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

The following are some of the potential risk factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements. You should carefully consider these factors, as well as the other information contained in this document, when evaluating your investment in our securities. The following list of important factors is not all-inclusive.

We are dependent upon the demand for our products and services. We and our competitors in the industry are dependent on the demand for the products and services that we deliver. Changes in technology or other unforeseen developments within our industry could result in decreased demand for our products and services. We cannot guarantee that historical levels of demand will continue or increase in the future.

We face intense competition. We operate in a highly competitive industry. Our competitors, who include our technology suppliers and certain clients, may be able to deliver products and services at better prices or more quickly due to factors beyond our control. New competitors may also emerge in the future, which may threaten our ability to sustain or grow our market share. We cannot guarantee that we can continue to compete effectively in the future and still be able to sustain our historical levels of profit margin.
Our financial results are dependent on our economic environments. We, our clients or our vendors may experience economic hardships due to inflation or recession, changes in laws and regulations, business disruptions due to natural disasters, acts of terrorism or war or other factors that are beyond our control and that could negatively impact our financial condition or our ability to meet our future financial goals.
Our ability to experience organic growth is dependent upon successful execution of initiatives that we commenced on or about April 1, 2013. These initiatives included a re-alignment of our organizational structure and new programs to better capitalize on internal assets and expertise, which we believe will enable us to introduce new product and service offerings as well as to support additional offerings for our clients, resulting in increased revenues (including organic growth) and profitability. The failure of these programs could have a material adverse effect on our ability to increase revenues and profitability.
Our revenue is dependent upon repeat client business and generally is not subject to long-term contracts. A majority of our revenue is generated through individual sales of products and services and less than twenty (20%) of our revenue is generated from long-term maintenance contracts. We depend on repeat client business as well as our ability to develop new client business to sustain and grow our revenue. Although our focus on delivering high-quality sales and service has proven to be successful in the past, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to grow or even sustain our current level of revenue in the future.

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We can provide no assurance that we will continue to have adequate liquidity. Although we generate positive cash flow and have access to a significant amount of additional credit, we cannot be certain that our current liquidity situation will be adequate in future periods. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to maintain our positive cash flow position, obtain additional credit or raise additional capital which may restrict our ability to operate or to pursue new business opportunities in the future.

Our business operations could be disrupted if our information technology systems fail to perform adequately. The efficient operation of our business depends on our information technology systems. We rely on our information technology systems to effectively manage our business data, communications, order entry and fulfillment and other business processes. The failure of our information technology systems to perform as we anticipate could disrupt our business and could result in transaction errors, processing inefficiencies and the loss of sales and customers, causing our business and results of operations to suffer. In addition, our information technology systems may be vulnerable to damage or interruption from circumstances beyond our control, including fire, natural disasters, power outages, systems failures, security breaches and viruses. Any such damage or interruption could have a material adverse effect on our business.

We are dependent upon certain key supply chain and distribution agreements. We have significant arrangements with a small number of technology suppliers. If we experience disruptions in our supply chain with these manufacturers for any reason or lose our distribution rights, we may not be able to fulfill client commitments with an acceptable alternative or we may not be able to obtain alternative solutions at similar costs.

A significant part of our business involves public sector clients which provides unique risks. Approximately 20% of our revenues is derived from sales to agencies and departments of federal, state and local governments. Legislatures typically appropriate funds for a given program annually. These appropriations may be influenced by, among other things, the state of the economy, competing priorities for appropriation, changes in administration or control of legislatures, the timing and amount of tax receipts and the overall level of government expenditures. A decrease in appropriations for certain programs could have a material adverse effect on our business.

In addition, our revenues from sales to these public sector clients are made through various direct contracts, through reseller agreements with government contractors and through open market sales. Government contracting is a highly-regulated area. Failure to comply with regulations or contracts could subject us to fines, penalties, suspension or debarment from doing business with such clients, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We are dependent upon the retention of our key personnel. The success of our business depends on our ability to attract and retain quality employees, executives and directors. We offer comprehensive salary and benefit packages including long-term incentives as a means of attracting and retaining personnel. We face pressure to maintain our profit margins and remain competitive in our industry while we compete for personnel in our local markets with a variety of different businesses that may be able to offer more attractive incentives due to their individual financial situations. We cannot guarantee that we will continue to attract and retain personnel with our current incentives and at costs that are consistent with our projected profit margins.

We are dependent upon future mergers and acquisitions, including successful integration, for a portion of our growth. A key component of our long-term growth strategy is through strategic mergers and acquisitions and our future financial results are dependent upon the successful integration of those acquisitions. We may not continue to be successful in our search for potential acquisition candidates that are acceptable for our business model, or we may not be successful in our attempts to acquire new businesses that we have identified as attractive acquisition candidates. We cannot guarantee that we will meet our projected growth targets in the future if we are unsuccessful in our efforts to acquire additional businesses.

We are subject to the risks of international operations. We operate in countries outside of the United States. Our operations or our financial condition may be negatively affected by events surrounding our international operations such as changes in laws and regulations, political or economic instability, currency fluctuations, supply chain disruptions, acts of terrorism, natural disasters or other political, economic or environmental factors. We cannot rely on the past results of our international operations as an indicator of future results or assure you that we will not be adversely affected by those factors inherent with international operations.

Our stock price fluctuates. Our stock price is affected by a number of factors, including quarterly variations in our financial results. As a result, our stock price is subject to volatility.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

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Item 2. Properties.

The Company’s worldwide headquarters and certain U.S. operations, including the Products and Services platforms, are located in Lawrence, Pennsylvania (located 20 miles south of Pittsburgh) in 352,000 square feet of owned facility on 84 acres.

The Company owns or leases additional offices or facilities throughout the world, none of which are material in nature to Black Box.

The Company believes that its properties are adequate for its present and foreseeable needs.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

The Company is involved in, or has pending, various legal proceedings, claims, suits and complaints arising out of the normal course of business. Based on the facts currently available to the Company, Company management ("Management") believes these matters are adequately provided for, covered by insurance, without merit or not probable that an unfavorable material outcome will result.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

The executive officers of the Company and their respective ages and positions are as follows:
Name
Age
Position with the Company
Eslie C. Sykes
55
President and Chief Executive Officer
Timothy C. Huffmyer
42
Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer (Principal Accounting Officer)
Ronald Basso
56
Executive Vice President of Business Development, General Counsel & Secretary

The following is a biographical summary of the experience of the executive officers of the Company:

ESLIE C. SYKES , 55 , was named President and Chief Executive Officer on February 29, 2016. Mr. Sykes was employed by Flextronics International Ltd. (an international supply chain solutions company) from 1999 to 2013. He advanced from General Manager to Executive Officer and Group President of the Industrial and Emerging Products Group.  Following his career at Flextronics, Mr. Sykes was President and CEO of Switch Lighting (an LED lighting company) from 2013 to 2014.  After leaving Switch Lighting, Mr. Sykes was a consultant and investor and served on boards of private, public-private and educational endeavors.

TIMOTHY C. HUFFMYER , 42 , was named Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer (and, in those roles, he serves as the Company's principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) on October 2, 2012. Mr. Huffmyer was promoted to Director of Finance in February, 2008. He served as Corporate Controller from June, 2004 and in other finance roles prior thereto. Mr. Huffmyer has been with the Company for 12 years.

RONALD BASSO , 56 , was named Executive Vice President of Business Development, General Counsel and Secretary on January 28, 2013. Mr. Basso was a shareholder of the law firm of Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney PC, which he joined in 1985, where he served as the Company's lead engagement partner.

Directors of the Registrant

The following sets forth certain information concerning the members of the Board:

RICHARD L. CROUCH , 69 , was elected as a director on August 10, 2004. Mr. Crouch was a General Partner with the firm of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP from 1979 to 2004, having served as an Audit Partner principally assigned to public companies. He served in various capacities for the firm, including service as a regional accounting, auditing and SEC services consultant. He retired from the firm on July 2, 2004.


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RICHARD C. ELIAS , 62 , was selected to be a director on November 3, 2014. Mr. Elias retired from PPG Industries, Inc. ("PPG"), a global supplier of paints, coatings, optical products, specialty materials, chemicals, glass and fiber glass in April 2014. Prior to his retirement, Mr. Elias served as the Senior Vice President - Optical and Specialty Materials of PPG from 2008 to 2014, and Vice President, Optical Products of PPG from 2000 to 2008. Mr. Elias also served as the President, and then Chief Executive Officer, of Transitions Optical, Inc., a subsidiary and then joint venture of PPG, from 1995 to 2014. Mr. Elias is a director of Universal Display Corporation.                                     

THOMAS W. GOLONSKI , 73 , was selected to be a director on February 11, 2003 and was elected by our stockholders on August 12, 2003. Mr. Golonski served as Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of National City Bank of Pennsylvania and Executive Vice President of National City Corporation from 1996 to 2005. He retired from National City in 2005. He is a director of several educational and health care organizations and active in other charitable organizations.

THOMAS G. GREIG , 68 , was elected as a director on August 10, 1999 and appointed as non-executive Chairman of the Board in May 2004. Mr. Greig has been a Senior Managing Director of Liberty Capital Partners, a private equity partnership, since 1998. He is also a director of publicly-held Rudolph Technologies, Inc. and a privately-held company.

JOHN S. HELLER , 62 , was selected to be a director on March 27, 2013 and was elected by our stockholders on August 6, 2013. Mr. Heller retired from Caterpillar Inc., a manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives, in February 2012. He held a number of positions of increasing responsibility at Caterpillar during a 38-year career, last serving as Vice President and Chief Information Officer for the last 5 years.

WILLIAM H. HERNANDEZ, 68 , was selected to be a director on December 3, 2009 and was elected by our stockholders on August 10, 2010. Mr. Hernandez was the Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer of PPG Industries, Inc. (“PPG”), a global supplier of paints, coatings, optical products, specialty materials, chemicals, glass and fiber glass, from 1995 until he retired on October 15, 2009. Prior to assuming those duties in 1995, he served as PPG’s Controller from 1990 to 1994 and as Vice President and Controller from 1994. From 1974 until 1990, he held a number of positions at Borg-Warner Corporation, a supplier of motor vehicle parts and systems. He is a Certified Management Accountant and a director of Albermarle Corporation, Northrop Grumman Corporation and USG Corporation, all publicly-held companies.

ESLIE C. SYKES , 55 , was named President and Chief Executive Officer on February 29, 2016. Mr. Sykes was employed by Flextronics International Ltd. (an international supply chain solutions company) from 1999 to 2013. He advanced from General Manager to Executive Officer and Group President of the Industrial and Emerging Products Group.  Following his career at Flextronics, Mr. Sykes was President and CEO of Switch Lighting (an LED lighting company) from 2013 to 2014.  After leaving Switch Lighting, Mr. Sykes was a consultant and investor and served on boards of private, public-private and educational endeavors.

JOEL T. TRAMMELL , 51 , was selected to be a director on March 27, 2013 and was elected by our stockholders on August 6, 2013. Mr. Trammell is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Khorus, Inc., a provider of software-based management systems, since 2013. He also has been a Managing Partner of Lone Rock Technology Group, a private equity firm, and Lake Austin Advisors, a hedge fund, since 2011. He was a founder and the Chief Executive Officer of CacheIQ, Inc., a network computing company, from June 2010 until it was acquired by NetApp, Inc. in November 2012. Previously, he was a founder and served as the Chief Executive Officer of NetQoS, Inc., a network management software and services company, from June 2000 to November 2009.



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PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Common Stock Information
The common stock is traded on NASDAQ under the symbol "BBOX" and has been assigned to the NASDAQ Global Select tier. As of March 31, 2016 , 26,470,238 shares of the common stock were issued, of which 11,452,041 shares were held in treasury, resulting in 15,018,197 shares outstanding at that date.

The following table sets forth the quarterly high and low sale prices of the common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market during each of the Company’s fiscal quarters indicated below.
 
High

Low

Fiscal 2016
 
 
1 st  Quarter
$
21.62

$
19.48

2 nd  Quarter
20.40

14.09

3 rd  Quarter
16.35

8.48

4 th  Quarter
14.77

6.84

Fiscal 2015
 
 
1 st  Quarter
$
25.93

$
19.34

2 nd  Quarter
24.52

20.05

3 rd  Quarter
24.89

20.50

4 th  Quarter
24.91

19.85


On April 8, 2016 , the last reported sale price of the common stock was $13.30 per share.

Dividend Policy
Cash dividends of $0.11 per share of common stock declared during Fiscal 2016 were paid on each of July 10, 2015 , October 9, 2015 , January 8, 2016 and April 14, 2016 . Cash dividends of $0.10 per share of common stock declared during Fiscal 2015 were paid on each of July 11, 2014 , October 10, 2014 , January 9, 2015 and April 15, 2015 . While the Company expects to continue to declare quarterly dividends, the payment of future dividends is at the discretion of the Board and the timing and amount of any future dividends will depend upon earnings, cash requirements and the financial condition of the Company.

Under the Company’s New Credit Agreement dated as of May 9, 2016 (defined below), the Company is permitted to make distributions or dividends as long as no Event of Default or Potential Default (each as defined in the New Credit Agreement) shall have occurred and is continuing or shall occur as a result thereof. In addition, no distribution or dividend is permitted under the New Credit Agreement if such event would violate a consolidated leverage ratio required to be maintained under the New Credit Agreement other than regular quarterly dividends not exceeding $15,000 per year.

Stockholders
As of March 31, 2016 , there were 835 holders of record of the common stock.

Equity Plan Compensation Information:
See the information set forth under the caption "Equity Plan Compensation Information" in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated by reference into Item 12 of Part III of this Annual Report.

Issuance of Unregistered Securities:
There were no issuances of unregistered securities by the Company during the three-month period ended March 31, 2016 .


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Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities:
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased

Average Price
Paid per Share

Total Number of Shares Purchased
 as Part of Publicly Announced Plans
or Programs

Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans
or Programs

December 27, 2015 to January 24, 2016

$


671,425

January 24, 2016 to February 21, 2016

187,933

$
10.80

187,933

1,483,492

February 22, 2016 to March 31, 2016
178,425

$
12.77

178,425

1,305,067

Total
366,358

$
11.74

366,358

1,305,067

As of March 31, 2016 , 1,305,067 shares, which includes 1,000,000 shares approved for repurchase by the Board on February 12, 2016, were available under repurchase programs approved by the Board. This repurchase program has no expiration date and none of the Company's prior repurchase programs were terminated prior to the full repurchase of the authorized amount.
Additional repurchases of common stock may occur from time to time depending upon factors such as the Company’s cash flows and general market conditions. There can be no assurance as to the timing or amount of such repurchases. Under the New Credit Agreement (defined below) , the Company is permitted to repurchase its common stock as long as no Event of Default or Potential Default (as defined in the New Credit Agreement) shall have occurred and is continuing or shall occur as a result thereof. In addition, no repurchase of common stock is permitted under the New Credit Agreement if the Company's consolidated leverage ratio (based on EBITDA) exceeds 3.0. At March 31, 2016 , the Company's leverage ratio was in excess of 3.0 which restricts the Company from repurchasing its stock on the open market during the first quarter of Fiscal 2017.
On May 9, 2016, the Company refinanced the Credit Agreement pursuant to a new credit agreement (the "New Credit Agreement") with PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, Bank of America, N.A., as syndication agent, and certain other lender parties. See Note 7 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional reference.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

The following tables set forth certain selected historical financial data for the Company (in thousands, except for per share amounts). This information should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report.
 
Fiscal
 
2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

Statements of Operations
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
912,655

$
992,444

$
971,674

$
997,786

$
1,087,528

Gross profit
270,337

302,269

303,582

319,930

346,496

Operating income (loss) 1
(187,825
)
28,574

(108,392
)
56,269

(239,673
)
Net income (loss) 1
(171,102
)
15,342

(115,873
)
28,806

(247,734
)
Basic earnings (loss) per share
(11.18
)
1.00

(7.33
)
1.73

(13.98
)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
(11.18
)
0.99

(7.33
)
1.73

(13.98
)
Dividends per share
0.44

0.40

0.36

0.32

0.28

Balance Sheet Data (at end of period)
 
 
 
 
 
Working capital 2
$
129,048

$
151,488

$
175,692

$
184,229

$
166,167

Total assets
475,794

686,259

712,029

878,001

888,023

Long-term debt
119,663

137,267

160,429

187,648

179,621

Stockholders’ equity
156,233

337,111

351,117

482,247

494,384

1 Includes goodwill impairment loss of $191,646, $154,429 and $317,797 for Fiscal 2016 , Fiscal 2014 and Fiscal 2012 , respectively.
2 Working capital is computed as current assets minus current liabilities.


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Table of Contents                                             

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations ("MD&A").

The discussion and analysis for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2016 , 2015 and 2014 as set forth below in this Item 7 should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements of Black Box, including the related notes. The Company’s fiscal year ends on March 31. References to "Fiscal Year" or "Fiscal" mean the Company’s fiscal year ended March 31 for the year referenced. All dollar amounts are presented in thousands except for per share amounts or unless otherwise noted.

The Company
Black Box is a leading technology solutions provider dedicated to helping customers design, build, manage, and secure their IT infrastructure. The Company offers Products and Services that it distributes through two platforms that it has built over its 40 -year history.
Under our Products platform, we provide networking solutions through the sale of products for IT infrastructure, specialty networking, multimedia and KVM switching.
Our Products' revenues are generated from sales to end-users, collaboration with key channel partners and system integrators and through a global distribution network. Products sells through a direct sales team as well as through its internet site and catalogs. These products are sold in a highly fragmented and competitive market. The Company has been in this business for over 40  years and has developed a reputation for being a reliable provider of high-quality communications and infrastructure products. With an average order size of less than one thousand dollars, product revenues are less impacted by capital spending and more so by general information technology spending.
Our Services platform is comprised of engineering and design, network operations centers, technical certifications, national and international sales teams, remote monitoring, on-site service teams and solutions practices. The primary services offered through this platform include communications lifecycle services, unified communications, structured cabling, video/AV services, in-building wireless and data center services.
The Company generates revenues in its Services business from the design, sale and/or installation of new communications and data infrastructure systems, the support of existing systems and MAC work. The Company's diverse portfolio of offerings allows it to service the needs of its clients independent of the technology that they choose, which it believes is a unique competitive advantage. For the sale and implementation of new communications systems, or other major projects, most significant orders are subject to competitive bidding processes and, generally, competition can be significant for such new orders. The Company is continually bidding on new projects to maintain and grow Services' revenues. Projects account for the majority of Services revenues and are primarily driven by the overall economic environment and information technology capital spending. The Company also serves government clients whose revenues are not as dependent on the overall economic environment as commercial clients but are subject to governmental budgetary constraints.
New communications systems orders often generate post-implementation maintenance via a fixed fee model where revenues are earned ratably over the term of the agreement (generally 1-3 years for commercial clients and 3-5 years for government clients) or a variable fee model that is based on time and materials per occurrence, similar to MAC work. Maintenance revenues generally are not dependent on the economy as clients contract for maintenance to extend the life of their existing equipment and delay capital spending on new communications systems. Maintenance and MAC work revenues are also dependent upon the Company's relationship with its clients and its long track record of providing high-quality service.
The Company's Services business generates backlog which is defined by the Company as orders and contracts considered to be firm. At March 31, 2016 , the Company's total backlog, which relates primarily to Services, was $335,526 , of which $228,533 is expected to be completed within the next twelve months.
The Company services a variety of clients within most major industries, with the highest concentration in the government, business services, manufacturing, banking, retail, healthcare and technology industry verticals. Factors that impact those verticals, therefore, could have an impact on the Company. While the Company generates most of its revenues in North America, the Company also generates revenues from around the world, primarily Europe, such that factors that impact European markets could impact the Company. Management strives to develop extensive and long-term relationships with high-quality clients as Management believes that satisfied clients will demand quality services and product offerings from us even in economic downturns.

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Table of Contents                                             

Fiscal 2016 vs Fiscal 2015 Summary
 
FY16

FY15

% Change

Revenues
$
912,655

$
992,444

(8
)%
Gross profit margin
29.6
 %
30.5
%
(3
)%
Operating income (loss) margin
(20.6
)%
2.9
%
n/m

Diluted earnings (loss) per share
$
(11.18
)
$
0.99

n/m

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
$
37,202

$
46,498

(20
)%
n/m = not meaningful

Diluted loss per share was $11.18 compared to Diluted earnings per share of $0.99 in the same period last year as a result of:
a $79,789 decrease in Revenues as a result of a decrease in Service Revenues primarily due to a decrease in our core commercial revenues and government revenues within North America Services and a negative exchange rate impact of $10,696 relative to the U.S. Dollar primarily in International Products partially offset by an increase in our solutions practices, which includes the Cisco solutions practice and the Wireless solutions practice in North America Services,
a $31,932 decrease in Gross profit as a result of the decrease in Revenues in North America Services noted above and, to a lesser extent, a decrease in Gross profit margin which included $5,953 of Inventory impairment loss due to a non-recurring write-down to lower of cost or market as a result of a product line discontinuation and excess inventory given current current lower than expected service revenue levels,
a $7,481 decrease in Selling, general and administrative expenses which were primarily the result of cost savings from restructuring activity in the prior year in both International Products and North America Services partially offset by current period investments for the operations transformation and infrastructure in North America Services, a $2,379 non-recurring write-down of Accounts receivable for related to one large project and $1,513 of non-recurring expenses related to the transition of our Chief Executive Officer,
a $192,186 increase in asset impairment loss (including $191,644 of goodwill impairment loss and $542 of intangibles impairment loss (see "Goodwill" below for additional reference),
a $296 increase in Interest expense (income), net resulting from $242 of deferred financing costs that were written off in connection with the Company's voluntary reduction in the unused commitment of our Credit Agreement (as defined below) and a change in the fair value of the interest-rate swap of $748 (from a gain of $1,147 at Fiscal 2015 to a gain of $399 in Fiscal 2016 ),
a $30,228 decrease in Provision (benefit) for income taxes and a decrease in the effective rate from 35.0% to 11.4% due to the non-deducible portion of the goodwill impairment loss and a decrease in the liability for uncertain tax positions offset by additional valuation allowances against certain foreign net operating losses along with write-offs of deferred tax assets associated with equity awards, and
a 180 decrease in Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding resulting from the Company's common stock repurchases.
Net cash provided by operating activities was $37,202 which included Net loss of $171,102 and positive cash from working capital of $18,708 , a decrease of 20% compared to $46,498 , which included Net income of $15,342 and positive cash from working capital of $4,254 , in the same period last year. The year-over-year decrease in Net cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to the timing of working capital items.
In Fiscal 2016, the Company’s Revenue declined by 8% which was primarily driven by lower Revenue levels in North America Services, within both the commercial and federal businesses, partially offset by growth in the Cisco Solutions Practice, Wireless Solution Practice and our large managed services contact. The decline in the commercial business was within the core unified communications business. This market is declining specific to the areas that we serve. In addition, during Fiscal 2016, we launched a new sales initiative in our commercial business which included new sales leadership, new account segmentation and allocation, new commission plans and a single CRM tool. We experienced greater than expected sales turnover as we refreshed nearly 30% of the direct sales force from the start of the fiscal year, which impacted our Revenues. The decline in the federal business was primary due to the results of lower spending levels in the government related to communication infrastructure projects, specifically within the Department of Defense. We believe that the Company has obtained certain key contracts; however, we have not yet seen an increase in large task orders in our space under those contracts.

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Table of Contents                                             

During Fiscal 2016, our profits were negatively impacted by certain charges that included restructuring expenses, CEO transition costs, goodwill impairment loss, inventory impairment loss and accounts receivable loss. The restructuring expenses will allow us to be more cost efficient as we transform the operations of the commercial business platform and we implement a new organizational structure and technology tools to support a national service delivery platform to consistently deliver the Black Box solutions. The restructuring activity is also a result of planned consolidations as we continue to move from a branch model to a consolidated enterprise. The inventory impairment charges are related to exiting certain non-essential product lines and the result of declining service maintenance revenues as clients continue to migrate from this service.
In Fiscal 2017, we are focused on completing the operational transformation and seeing the results of the more mature sales organization. Additionally, we are now focused on the larger opportunity of an enterprise-wide “One Black Box” as compared to functionalization and consolidation within our separate business units. This focus will allow us to take full advantage of our size and scale to be more competitive. Additionally, this will allow us to tap into the entire executive talent set to bring the best ideas to the entire organization. Most importantly, we believe that this will allow us to serve our clients better and become more relevant to them. Also in Fiscal 2017, we will be further focused on aligning our operating costs to positively impact future profitability.

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Table of Contents                                             

Results of Operations
Segments
We conduct our business globally and manage our business by geographic-service type under the following four operating segments: North America Products, North America Services, International Products and International Services. The Revenues, Gross profit and Operating income amounts in the table below are presented on a basis consistent with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
 
FY16
FY15
% Change
 
FY15
FY14
% Change
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America Products
$84,654
$85,205
(1)%
 
$85,205
$82,833
3%
International Products
$81,882
$91,614
(11)%
 
$91,614
$99,320
(8)%
Products
$166,536
$176,819
(6)%
 
$176,819
$182,153
(3)%
North America Services
$715,839
$785,681
(9)%
 
$785,681
$753,525
4%
International Services
$30,280
$29,944
1%
 
$29,944
$35,996
(17)%
Services
$746,119
$815,625
(9)%
 
$815,625
$789,521
3%
Total Revenues
$912,655
$992,444
(8)%
 
$992,444
$971,674
2%
Gross profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America Products
$35,643
$36,082
(1)%
 
$36,082
$34,624
4%
% of Revenues
42.1%
42.3%
—%
 
42.3%
41.8%
1%
International Products
$33,350
$37,662
(11)%
 
$37,662
$42,052
(10)%
% of Revenues
40.7%
41.1%
(1)%
 
41.1%
42.3%
(3)%
Products
$68,993
$73,744
(6)%
 
$73,744
$76,676
(4)%
% of Revenues
41.4%
41.7%
(1)%
 
41.7%
42.1%
(1)%
North America Services
$194,401
$220,469
(12)%
 
$220,469
$219,337
1%
% of Revenues
27.2%
28.1%
(3)%
 
28.1%
29.1%
(3)%
International Services
$6,943
$8,056
(14)%
 
$8,056
$7,569
6%
% of Revenues
22.9%
26.9%
(15)%
 
26.9%
21.0%
28%
Services
$201,344
$228,525
(12)%
 
$228,525
$226,906
1%
% of Revenues
27.0%
28.0%
(4)%
 
28.0%
28.7%
(2)%
Total Gross Profit
270,337
302,269
(11)%
 
302,269
303,582
—%
% of Revenues
29.6%
30.5%
(3)%

30.5%
31.2%
(2)%
Operating income (loss) (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America Products
$(34,654)
$4,564
n/m
 
$4,564
$(37,785)
n/m
% of Revenues
(40.9)%
5.4%
n/m
 
5.4%
(45.6)%
n/m
International Products
$(3,781)
$(277)
n/m
 
$(277)
$(14,847)
n/m
% of Revenues
(4.6)%
(0.3)%
n/m
 
(0.3)%
(14.9)%
n/m
Products
$(38,435)
$4,287
n/m
 
$4,287
$(52,632)
n/m
% of Revenues
(23.1)%
2.4%
n/m
 
2.4%
(28.9)%
n/m
North America Services
$(143,967)
$22,195
n/m
 
$22,195
$(50,740)
n/m
% of Revenues
(20.1)%
2.8%
n/m
 
2.8%
(6.7)%
n/m
International Services
$(5,423)
$2,092
n/m
 
$2,092
$(5,020)
n/m
% of Revenues
(0.7)%
0.3%
n/m
 
0.3%
(0.6)%
n/m
Services
$(149,390)
$24,287
n/m
 
$24,287
$(55,760)
n/m
% of Revenues
(20.0)%
3.0%
n/m

3.0%
(7.1)%
n/m
Total Operating Income (loss)
(187,825)
28,574
n/m
 
28,574
(108,392)
n/m
% of Revenues
(20.6)%
2.9%
n/m
 
2.9%
(11.2)%
n/m
n/m = not meaningful
(1) These results include goodwill impairment loss of $36,901 , $5,348 , $142,229 and $7,166 for North America Products , International Products , North America Services and International Services , respectively, for Fiscal 2016 and $42,613 , $20,159 , $86,904 and $4,753 for North America Products , International Products , North America Services and International Services , respectively, for Fiscal 2014 .

14

Table of Contents                                             

Fiscal 2016 vs Fiscal 2015
Total Revenues were $912,655 , a decrease of 8% when compared to Total Revenues of $992,444 in the same period last year. Products Revenues were $166,536 , a decrease of 6% compared to Products Revenues of $176,819 in the same period last year primarily due to a negative exchange rate impact of $10,696 relative to the U.S. dollar primarily in International Products. Services Revenues were $746,119 , a decrease of 9% compared to Services Revenues of $815,625 in the same period last year primarily due to a negative exchange rate impact of $4,820 relative to the U.S. Dollar, a decrease in core commercial revenues in North America Services, primarily in the business services industry and a decrease in government revenues as a result of project and task order funding delays partially offset by increases in a large managed services contract and our solutions practices, which includes the Cisco solutions practice and the Wireless solutions practice in North America Services.
Total Gross profit margin was 29.6% , a decrease of 2.7% compared to Total Gross profit margin of 30.5% in the same period last year. Products Gross profit margin was 41.4% , which included $2,192 of Inventory impairment loss due to a non-recurring write-down to lower of cost or market as a result of a product line discontinuation, a decrease of 0.7% compared to Products Gross profit margin of 41.7% in the same period last year, primarily due to cost efficiency programs in North America Products offset by higher product costs due to the strength of the U.S. Dollar and project mix in International Products. Services Gross profit margin was 27.0% , which included $3,791 of Inventory impairment loss due to a non-recurring write-down to lower of cost or market as a result of excess inventory given current lower than expected service revenue levels, a decrease of 3.7% compared to Services Gross profit margin of 28.0% in the same period last year, which included $3,067 of unanticipated costs required to complete a fixed price contract, which decreased gross profit margin by 0.7%, in the same period last year primarily due to project mix.
Total Operating loss margin was 20.6% , a decrease compared to Total Operating income margin of 2.9% in the same period last year. Product Operating loss margin was 23.1% , a decrease compared to Product Operating income margin of 2.4% in the same period last year, primarily due to goodwill impairment loss of $42,249 ( $36,901 in North America Products and $5,348 in International Products), a decrease in Gross profit margin in both North America Products and International Products partially offset by a decrease in Selling, general and administrative expenses as a result of cost savings from restructuring activity in the prior year in International Products. Service Operating loss margin was 20.0% , a decrease compared to Service Operating income margin of 3.0% in the same period last year, primarily due to goodwill and intangible asset impairment loss of $149,937 ( $142,771 in North America Services and $7,166 in International Services), a decrease in Gross profit, current period investments for the operations transformation and infrastructure, a $2,379 non-recurring write-down of Accounts receivable for one large project in North America Services and $1,240 of non-recurring expenses related to the transition of our Chief Executive Officer in North America Services partially offset by a decrease in Selling, general and administrative expenses as a result of cost savings from restructuring activity in the prior year.
Fiscal 2015 vs Fiscal 2014
Total Revenues were $992,444, an increase of 2% when compared to Total Revenues of $971,674 in the same period last year. Products Revenues were $176,819, a decrease of 3% compared to Products Revenues of $182,153 in the same period last year primarily due to a negative exchange rate impact of $5,179 relative to the U.S. dollar in International Products and a non-recurring large order in Fiscal 2014 in International Products sold through integrators within business services whose end-users were government clients and reduced spending in both direct and indirect channels by our government clients in North America Products. The decrease in Products Revenues was partially offset by sales generated by a new direct sales program focused on larger opportunities. Services Revenues were $815,625, an increase of 3% compared to Services Revenues of $789,521 in the same period last year primarily due to an increase in a large managed services contract and core commercial revenues, which includes the Cisco solutions practice and the Wireless solutions practice in North America Services, partially offset by a decrease in government revenues in North America Services due to lower project bidding volume and delays in award decisions.
Total Gross profit margin was 30.5%, a decrease of 3% compared to Total Gross profit margin of 31.2% in the same period last year. Products Gross profit margin was 41.7%, a decrease of 1% compared to Products Gross profit margin of 42.1% in the same period last year, primarily due to the impact of our new direct sales program focused on large competitive deals which tend to carry lower margins and product mix. Services Gross profit margin was 28.0%, a decrease of 3% compared to Services Gross profit margin of 28.7% in the same period last year, primarily due to a decrease in profitability associated with core commercial revenues in North America Services as a result of increased competition for lower priority budget dollars partially offset by an increase in profitability associated with government revenues in North America Services due to multiple projects with higher than normal profitability.

15

Table of Contents                                             

Total Operating income margin was 2.9% compared to Total Operating loss margin of 11.2% in the same period last year. Products Operating income margin was 2.4% compared to Products Operating loss margin of 28.9% in the same period last year, primarily due to goodwill impairment loss of $62,772 ($42,613 for North America Products and $20,159 for International Products) in Fiscal 2014 partially offset by current period investments for growth programs and infrastructure, an increase in restructuring expense of $1,573 and a decrease in Gross profit margins as noted above. Services Operating income margin was 3.0% compared to Services Operating loss margin of 7.1% in the same period last year, primarily due to goodwill impairment loss of $91,657 ($86,904 for North America Services and $4,753 for International Services) in Fiscal 2014 partially offset by current period investments for growth programs and infrastructure, an increase in restructuring expense of $1,841 and a decrease in Gross profit margins as noted above.
Interest expense, Other expense and Income Taxes
 
FY16
FY15
% Change
 
FY15
FY14
% Change
Interest expense
$4,712
$4,416
7%
 
$4,416
$4,647
(5)%
% of Revenues
0.5%
0.4%
25%
 
0.4%
0.5%
(20)%
Income taxes
$(21,982)
$8,246
n/m
 
$8,246
$1,637
404%
Effective income tax rate
11.4%
35.0%
(67)%
 
35.0%
(1.4)%
n/m
n/m = not meaningful
Fiscal 2016 vs Fiscal 2015
Interest expense was $4,712 , an increase of 7% compared to Interest expense of $4,416 in the same period last year primarily as a result of a change in the fair value of the interest-rate swap of $748 (from a gain of $1,147 at Fiscal 2015 to a gain of $399 in Fiscal 2016 ). Interest expense as a percent of Revenues was 0.5% , an increase of 25% compared to Interest expense as a percent of Revenues of 0.4% in the same period last year. The weighted-average outstanding debt and weighted-average interest rate was $158,256 and 2.0% , respectively, compared to $182,149 and 1.7% in the same period last year.
Benefit from income taxes was $21,982 , a decrease compared to provision for income taxes of $8,246 in the same period last year. The effective income tax rate was 11.4% , a decrease compared to the effective income tax rate of 35.0% in the same period last year. The effective income tax rate decrease from 35.0% to 11.4% was primarily due to the non-deducible portion of the goodwill impairment loss and a decrease in the liability for uncertain tax positions offset by additional valuation allowances against certain foreign net operating losses along with write-offs of deferred tax assets associated with equity awards.
Fiscal 2015 vs Fiscal 2014
Interest expense was $4,416, a decrease of 5% compared to Interest expense of $4,647 in the same period last year primarily as a result of a change in the fair value of the interest-rate swap of $315 (from a gain of $832 in Fiscal 2014 to a gain of $1,147 in Fiscal 2015). Interest expense as a percent of Revenues was 0.4%, a decrease of 20% compared to Interest expense as a percent of Revenues of 0.5% in the same period last year. The weighted-average outstanding debt and weighted-average interest rate was $182,149 and 1.7%, respectively, compared to $190,015 and 1.5% in the same period last year.
Income taxes were $8,246 compared to Income taxes of $1,637 in the same period last year. The effective income tax rate was 35.0% compared to the effective income tax rate of (1.4)% in the same period last year. The effective income tax rate increase from (1.4)% to 35.0% was primarily due to an increase in Income (loss) before provision for income taxes primarily due to the goodwill impairment loss recorded in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2014 which included $114,920 of non-deductible goodwill impairment loss and $1,574 of tax benefit from an international legal entity restructuring.

16

Table of Contents                                             

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Overview
A majority of our revenue is generated through individual sales of products and services. Less than 20% of our revenue is generated from long-term support contracts. We depend on repeat client business, as well as our ability to develop new client business, to sustain and grow our revenue. Most significant orders are subject to a competitive bidding process and, generally, competition can be significant for such new orders. Our business model provides us with flexibility in terms of capital expenditures and other required operating expenses. For the foreseeable future, we expect to continue to generate net cash provided by operating activities that exceeds our capital expenditures and other required operating expenses and will be available for discretionary investments.
We seek to allocate company resources in a manner that will enhance per share results. Our discretionary investments include: investments in growth programs and infrastructure, strategic acquisitions of high quality growth-oriented companies, a return to our stockholders through dividends and common stock repurchases and repaying our debt.
Liquidity Position
The following is a summary of our capitalization and liquidity position.
 
FY16

FY15

FY14

Cash and cash equivalents
$
23,497

$
23,534

$
30,810

Working Capital
$
129,048

$
151,488

$
175,692

Long-term debt
$
119,663

$
137,267

$
160,429

Stockholders’ equity
$
156,233

$
337,111

$
351,117

Unused commitment of the Credit Agreement (1)
$
176,550

$
259,950

$
235,595

(1) On April 6, 2016 and April 16, 2015, both of which were subsequent to March 31 for the applicable fiscal year end, the Company voluntarily reduced the unused commitments of the Credit Agreement by $100,000 .
We expect that our cash, the available unused commitments of the New Credit Agreement, which are lower than the unused commitments due to a financial covenant, and net cash provided by operating activities should be sufficient to cover the Company's working capital requirements, capital expenditures, dividend program, potential stock repurchases, potential future acquisitions or strategic investments and other cash needs for at least the next 12 months.
Sources and Uses of Cash
The following is a summary of our sources and uses of cash.
 
FY16

FY15

FY14

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
$
37,202

$
46,498

$
56,346

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
$
(11,088
)
$
(9,087
)
$
(8,101
)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
$
(27,664
)
$
(41,197
)
$
(52,021
)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
Net cash provided by operating activities for Fiscal 2016 was $37,202 , due primarily to Net loss of $171,102 , inclusive of non-cash charges, including $192,186 goodwill and intangible asset impairment loss, a decrease in Accounts receivable of $7,819 , Inventory of $4,048 , Costs/estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts of $12,682 and an increase in Billings in excess of costs/estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts of $4,035 partially offset by decreases in Accounts payable of $7,568 and All other liabilities of $13,582 . Net cash provided by operating activities for Fiscal 2015 was $46,498 , due primarily to Net income of $15,342 , inclusive of non-cash charges, an increase in All other liabilities of $8,103 and a decrease in Costs/estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts of $9,892, partially offset by an increase in All other assets of $14,152. Net cash provided by operating activities for Fiscal 2014 was $56,346 , due primarily to Net loss of $115,873 , inclusive of non-cash charges, including $154,429 goodwill impairment loss, and a decrease in Costs/estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts of $11,767, partially offset by a decrease in All other liabilities of $11,025. Changes in the above accounts are based on average Fiscal 2016 , Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 exchange rates, as applicable.

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Table of Contents                                             

Changes in working capital, and particularly changes in accounts receivable, costs in excess of billings and billings in excess of cost, can have a significant impact on net cash provided by operating activities, largely due to the timing of payments and receipts.
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
Capital expenditures
The Company made investments of $10,477 in Fiscal 2016 compared to $8,515 and $7,338 for Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively, which related primarily to information technology infrastructure, computer hardware and software and vehicles.
Acquisitions
The Company made investments of $773 in Fiscal 2016 compared to $780 and $779 for Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively.
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
Long-term debt
Repayment of long-term debt was $17,788 in Fiscal 2016 compared to $24,475 and $27,382 , for Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively, all of which was funded by cash flow provided by operations.
Common stock repurchases
The Company made discretionary investments in the form of common stock repurchases of $6,300 in Fiscal 2016 compared to $6,987 and $20,274 for Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively. The Company also made tax payments of $854 in Fiscal 2016 compared to $1,089 and $1,520 for Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively, related to share withholding to satisfy employee income taxes due as a result of the vesting of certain restricted stock units and performance shares.
Since the inception of the repurchase program beginning in April 1999 through March 31, 2016 , the Company has repurchased 11,194,933 shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $406,661 , or an average purchase price per share of $36.33 . These shares do not include the treasury shares withheld for tax payments due upon the vesting of certain restricted stock units and performance shares. As of March 31, 2016 , 1,305,067 shares were available under most recent repurchase programs. Additional repurchases of common stock may occur from time to time depending upon factors such as the Company’s cash flows and general market conditions. There can be no assurance as to the timing or amount of such repurchases. Under the New Credit Agreement, the Company is permitted to repurchase its common stock as long as no Event of Default or Potential Default (as defined in the Credit Agreement) shall have occurred and is continuing or shall occur as a result thereof. In addition, no repurchase of common stock is permitted under the New Credit Agreement if the Company's consolidated leverage ratio (based on EBITDA) exceeds 3.0. At March 31, 2016 , the Company's leverage ratio was in excess of 3.0.
Dividends
The Company made discretionary investments in the form of dividends to its shareholders of $6,617 in Fiscal 2016 compared to $6,034 and $5,576 for Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively. While the Company expects to continue to declare quarterly dividends, the payment of future dividends is at the discretion of the Board and the timing and amount of any future dividends will depend upon earnings, cash requirements and the financial condition of the Company. Under the New Credit Agreement, the Company is permitted to make any distribution or dividend as long as no Event of Default or Potential Default (as defined in the New Credit Agreement) shall have occurred and is continuing or shall occur as a result thereof. In addition, no distribution or dividend is permitted under the New Credit Agreement if such event would violate a consolidated leverage ratio required to be maintained under the Credit Agreement other than regular quarterly dividends not exceeding $15,000 per year.

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Credit Agreement
On March 23, 2012, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement with Citizens Bank of Pennsylvania, as administrative agent, and certain other lender parties. The Credit Agreement expires on March 23, 2017. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are permitted up to a maximum amount of $400,000 , which the Company voluntarily reduced to $300,000 effective as of April 16, 2015 and again voluntarily reduced to $200,000 effective as of April 6, 2016, and includes up to $25,000 of swing-line loans and $25,000 of letters of credit. The Company voluntarily reduced the unused commitment of our Credit Agreement by $100,000 in order to reduce our commitment fee costs associated with the unused portion of the line. The Credit Agreement may be increased by the Company up to an additional $100,000 with the approval of the lenders and may be unilaterally and permanently reduced by the Company to not less than the then outstanding amount of all borrowings. Interest on outstanding indebtedness under the Credit Agreement accrues, at the Company’s option, at a rate based on either: (a) the greater of (i) the prime rate per annum of the agent then in effect and (ii)  0.50% plus the rate per annum announced by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York as being the weighted-average of the rates on overnight Federal funds transactions arranged by Federal funds brokers on the previous trading day, in each case plus 0% to 0.75% (determined by a leverage ratio based on the Company’s consolidated Earnings Before Interest Taxes Depreciation and Amortization ("EBITDA")) or (b) a rate per annum equal to the LIBOR rate plus 0.875% to 1.750% (determined by a leverage ratio based on the Company’s consolidated EBITDA). The Credit Agreement requires the Company to maintain compliance with certain non-financial and financial covenants such as leverage and fixed-charge coverage ratios, which could limit the Company's ability to borrow the full amount of the credit facility. As of March 31, 2016 , the Company was in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Agreement.
On May 9, 2016, the Company refinanced the Credit Agreement pursuant to the New Credit Agreement. See Note 7 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional reference.

Contractual Obligations
The Company has various contractual obligations and commitments to make future payments including those arising under its debt agreements, operating and capital lease obligations and discounted lease rental commitments.

The following table summarizes significant contractual obligations and commitments of the Company as of March 31, 2016 . Except as set forth in the following table, the Company does not have any material long-term purchase obligations or other long-term liabilities that are reflected on its balance sheet as of March 31, 2016 :
 
Payments Due by Period 1
 
 Less than 1 year

 1-3 years

 3-5 years

More than 5 years

Total

Long-term debt obligations 2
$

$

$

$
119,000

$
119,000

Interest expense on long-term debt
2,354




2,354

Purchase obligations
5,555

2,584



8,139

Capital lease obligations
1,139

630

33


1,802

Operating lease obligations
10,139

12,110

3,484

2,507

28,240

Total contractual obligations
$
19,187

$
15,324

$
3,517

$
121,507

$
159,535

1 Not included in the above table are potential cash obligations of $18,621 associated with an unfunded pension liability due to the high degree of uncertainty regarding the timing of future cash outflows associated with such obligation.

2 Subsequent to March 31, 2016, the Company refinanced the Credit Agreement which enabled such debt to be classified as long-term as of March 31, 2016.

The estimated interest expense payments on long-term debt reflected in the table above are based on both the amount outstanding under the Company's credit facility and the weighted-average interest rate in effect as of March 31, 2016 .

As of March 31, 2016 , the Company had potential commercial commitments under letters of credit of $4,450 , which expire within the next twelve months.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on its financial condition, changes in its financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources, other than those disclosed above, that are material to investors.


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Inflation
The overall effects of inflation on the Company have been nominal. Although long-term inflation rates are difficult to predict, the Company continues to strive to minimize the effect of inflation through improved productivity and cost reduction programs as well as price adjustments within the constraints of market competition.

Critical Accounting Policies
The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, which require the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported financial condition and results of operations. Such estimates and assumptions may differ from actual results. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on the best available information and believes them to be reasonable for the circumstances. The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Company believes that of its significant accounting policies, the following may involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity.

Allowance for doubtful accounts receivable
The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts receivable as an offset to accounts receivable in order to present the net balance that the Company believes will be collected. This allowance is based on both recent trends in certain accounts receivable ("specific reserve") estimated to be a greater credit risk as well as general trends in the entire accounts receivable pool ("general reserve"). The Company computes a specific reserve by identifying specifically at-risk accounts receivable and applying historic reserve factors to the outstanding balance. The Company computes a general reserve by reviewing the accounts receivable aging and applying reserve factors based upon the age of the account receivable. If the estimate of uncollectible accounts receivable should prove inaccurate at some future date, the results of operations reported for the period could be materially affected by any necessary correction to the allowance for doubtful accounts.

Inventories
The Company’s inventory is valued at the lower of cost or market value and has been reduced by an allowance for excess and obsolete inventories. The Company records an estimate for slow moving and obsolete inventory ("inventory reserve") based upon our product knowledge, physical inventory observation, future demand, market conditions and an aging analysis of the inventory on hand. For “convenience,” we reduce inventory cost through a contra asset rather than through a new cost basis. Upon a subsequent sale or disposal of the impaired inventory, the corresponding reserve is relieved to ensure the cost basis of the inventory reflects any reductions. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by Management at some future date, the results of operations reported for the period could be materially affected by any necessary correction to the inventory reserve.

Deferred Income Taxes
The Company records deferred income tax assets and liabilities in its Consolidated Balance Sheets related to events that impact the Company’s financial statements and tax returns in different periods. Deferred tax asset and liability balances are computed by identifying differences between the book basis and tax basis of assets and liabilities ("temporary differences") which are multiplied by the current tax rate. A valuation allowance is provided on deferred tax assets if it is determined that it is more likely than not that the asset will not be realized. If the Company’s estimate of the realizable deferred tax assets should prove inaccurate at some future date, the results of operations reported for the period could be materially affected by any necessary correction to the deferred tax asset allowance.

Goodwill
The Company conducts its annual goodwill impairment assessment during the third quarter of its fiscal year, using data as of the end of the second quarter of its fiscal year. Goodwill is tested using a two-step process. The first step of the goodwill impairment assessment, used to identify potential impairment, compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill ("net book value"). If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its net book value, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired, thus the second step of the impairment test is unnecessary. If net book value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the goodwill impairment test will be performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. The second step of the goodwill impairment assessment, used to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any, compares the implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. The implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill is determined as the residual between the fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of its assets (including any unrecognized intangible assets) and liabilities. If the carrying amount of reporting unit goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss shall be recognized in an amount equal to that excess.


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In the first step of the goodwill impairment assessment, the Company uses an income approach to derive a present value of the reporting unit’s projected future annual cash flows and the present residual value of the reporting unit. The Company uses the income approach because it believes that the discounted future cash flows provide greater detail and opportunity to reflect facts, circumstances and economic conditions for each reporting unit. In addition, the Company believes that this valuation approach is a proven valuation technique and methodology for its industry and is widely accepted by investors. The Company uses a variety of underlying assumptions to estimate these future cash flows, which vary for each of the reporting units and include (i) future revenue growth rates, (ii) future operating profitability, (iii) the weighted-average cost of capital and (iv) a terminal growth rate. If the Company’s estimates and assumptions used in the discounted future cash flows should change at some future date, the Company could incur an impairment charge which could have a material adverse effect on the results of operations reported for the period in which the impairment occurs.

Fiscal 2016
During the second quarter of Fiscal 2016 and in connection with a downward adjustment to revenue and profitability outlook for Fiscal 2016 communicated on July 28, 2015, the Company conducted an interim goodwill assessment to determine whether such assets were recoverable as of June 27, 2015. Such assessment revealed that the carrying value of its reporting units exceeded the fair value of its reporting units and accordingly the Company proceeded to the second step of the goodwill impairment assessment.
The Company recorded a non-cash, pre-tax goodwill impairment loss of $157,272 (consisting of $25,211 , $119,547 , $5,348 and $7,166 in its North America Products, North America Services, International Products and International Services reporting units, respectively) during the second quarter of Fiscal 2016 as a result of its interim goodwill assessment conducted as of June 27, 2015. In determining the impairment loss, the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill was compared to the carrying amount of the goodwill. The implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill was determined as the residual between the fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of its assets (including any unrecognized intangible assets) and liabilities as of the interim goodwill assessment date. The impairment charge did not impact the Company's business operations, compliance with debt covenants or future cash flows nor did it result in any cash expenditures.
The primary factors contributing to the goodwill impairment loss in North America Services were lower projected revenue and profit in Fiscal 2016 and the corresponding impact in periods beyond Fiscal 2016 and a historically high weighted-average cost of capital. North America Services revenues are lower relative to recent historical amounts due to a slower than anticipated ramp up of the new sales organization in the Company's core commercial services business and continued deferments of award and task order funding in the Company's federal business, partially offset by continued growth in the Company's Solutions Practices and large managed service contract. North America Services profits continue to be challenged by competitive pricing pressures and current period investments for the operations initiative and infrastructure which the Company believes will enable it to grow revenue and profits more efficiently beyond Fiscal 2016. North America weighted-average cost of capital was at a historical high primarily driven by a significant increase in the size premium within the cost of equity as a result of a decrease in the Company's market capitalization below $300 million. The primary factor contributing to the goodwill impairment loss in North America Products, International Products and International Services were the historically high weighted-average cost of capital noted above and, to a lower extent, lower than expected projected profits.
The Company adjusted the carrying value of its reporting units to reflect the goodwill impairment loss and compared that adjusted carrying value to the fair value of the reporting units. The excess of the fair value over this adjusted carrying value was $23,599 and $6,303 for North America Products and North America Services, respectively. A 100 basis point increase in the weighted-average cost of capital, which, holding all other assumptions constant, would have a significant impact on the fair value of a reporting unit, would decrease the fair value of the reporting units by $5,732 and $17,453 for North America Products and North America Services, respectively.
The Company conducted its annual goodwill impairment assessment during the third quarter of Fiscal 2016 using data as of September 26, 2015. The first step of the goodwill impairment assessment, used to identify potential impairment, resulted in a surplus of fair value over carrying amount for both North America Products and North America Services thus those reporting units are considered not impaired and the second step of the impairment test is not necessary. The excess of the fair value over carrying amount was $24,442 and $6,622 for North America Products and North America Services, respectively. A 100 basis point increase in the weighted-average cost of capital, which, holding all other assumptions constant, would have a significant impact on the fair value of a reporting unit and would decrease the fair value of the reporting units by $5,783 and $17,576 for North America Products and North America Services, respectively.


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During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2016 and in connection with a downward adjustment to revenue and profitability outlook for Fiscal 2016 communicated on January 26, 2015, the Company conducted an interim goodwill assessment to determine whether such assets were recoverable as of December 26, 2015. Such assessment revealed that the carrying value of its reporting units exceeded the fair value of its reporting units and accordingly the Company proceeded to the second step of the goodwill impairment assessment.
The Company recorded a non-cash, pre-tax goodwill impairment loss of $34,372 (consisting of $11,690 and $22,682 in its North America Products and North America Services reporting units, respectively) during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2016 as a result of its interim goodwill assessment conducted as of December 26, 2015. In determining the impairment loss, the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill was compared to the carrying amount of the goodwill. The implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill was determined as the residual between the fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of its assets (including any unrecognized intangible assets) and liabilities as of the interim goodwill assessment date. The impairment charge did not impact the Company's business operations, compliance with debt covenants or future cash flows nor did it result in any cash expenditures.
The primary factors contributing to the goodwill impairment loss in both North America Products and North America Services were lower projected revenue and profit in Fiscal 2016 and the corresponding impact in periods beyond Fiscal 2016. North America Services revenues are lower relative to recent expectations due to a decrease in core commercial revenues, primarily in the business services industry and a decrease in government revenues as a result of project and task order funding delays partially offset by increases in a large managed services contract and our solutions practices. North America Services profits continue to be challenged by competitive pricing pressures and current period investments for the operations initiative and infrastructure which the Company believes will enable it to grow revenue and profits more efficiently beyond Fiscal 2016. North America Products revenues and profits are comparable year-over-year but less than expected due to lower than expected revenues from its core offerings.
Fiscal 2015
The Company conducted its annual goodwill impairment assessment during the third quarter of Fiscal 2015 using data as of September 27, 2014. The first step of the goodwill impairment assessment, used to identify potential impairment, resulted in a surplus of fair value over carrying amount for each of our reporting units thus the reporting units are considered not impaired and the second step of the impairment test is not necessary. The excess of the fair value over this carrying amount was $23,061 , $68,634 , $14,839 and $1,411 for North America Products, North America Services, International Products and International Services, respectively. A 100 basis point increase in the weighted-average cost of capital, which, holding all other assumptions constant, would have a significant impact on the fair value of a reporting unit and would decrease the fair value of the reporting units by $8,629 , $41,488 , $2,998 and $1,265 for North America Products, North America Services, International Products and International Services, respectively.
During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2015 in connection with planning for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2016, and based on the results of Fiscal 2015, the Company reduced its longer-term revenue and profitability outlook for North America Services from the longer-term revenue and profitability outlook used in the annual goodwill impairment assessment completed in the third quarter of Fiscal 2015. The Company evaluated the impact of this reduced longer-term revenue and profitability outlook and determined that it was not more likely than not a reduction in the fair value of this reporting unit below its carrying amount; thus, no interim test was warranted. Such determination was based on the following considerations: (i) the Company continues to expect longer-term revenue and profit growth, but at lower rates, (ii) the carrying amount for North America Services did not materially change from the annual goodwill impairment assessment completed in the third quarter of Fiscal 2015, (iii) the Company had $68,634 ( 31% ) of excess of fair value over the carrying amount for North America Services from the annual goodwill impairment assessment completed in the third quarter of Fiscal 2015 and (iv) there were no material negative industry or macro-economic trends in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2015. To illustrate the impact of the reduced longer-term revenue and profitability outlook, assuming all other assumptions held constant from the annual goodwill impairment assessment completed in the third quarter of Fiscal 2015, the excess of the fair value for North America Services would be reduced from $68,634 ( 31% ) to $14,963 ( 7% ). If the Company were to fail to meet forecasted results or further reduce its longer-term revenue and profitability outlook in the future, it could result in goodwill impairment loss that could have a material adverse effect on the results of operations.
Fiscal 2014
On April 1, 2013, the Company conducted an interim goodwill impairment assessment because data, relevant to a goodwill impairment assessment, was readily available through the reassignment of goodwill to the Company's new business segments using the relative fair market value approach. The first step of the goodwill impairment assessment, used to identify potential impairment, resulted in a surplus of fair value over carrying amount for each of our new reporting units, thus the new reporting units were considered not impaired as of April 1, 2013 and the second step of the impairment test was not necessary.


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Consistent with prior years, the Company conducted its annual goodwill impairment assessment as of the end of the second quarter of its fiscal year (September 28, 2013 for Fiscal 2014). Historically, this assessment was completed during the third quarter. However, given the reduced revenue and profitability outlook for Fiscal 2014 in each reporting unit announced in November 2013 with the second fiscal quarter financial results and changes in outlook as a result of the Company’s efforts to transform into a more relevant and effective solution provider, the Company determined it was necessary to extend completion of its assessment process in order to take into account a contemporary outlook for the Company’s business units that are being developed in connection with Fiscal 2015 planning.

During the fourth quarter, the Company determined that the carrying value of its reporting units exceeded the fair value of its reporting units, which included a contemporary outlook for each unit that had been developed in connection with Fiscal 2015 planning. As such, the Company proceeded to the second step of the goodwill impairment assessment. The Company, after consultation by Management with the Audit Committee (the "Audit Committee") of the Board, concluded that the Company would record a non-cash, pre-tax goodwill impairment loss of $154,429 , (consisting of $42,613 , $86,904 , $20,159 and $4,753 in its North America Products, North America Services, International Products and International Services reporting units, respectively) during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2014 as a result of its annual goodwill assessment conducted as of September 28, 2013. The impairment charge did not impact the Company's business operations, compliance with debt covenants, future cash flows nor result in any cash expenditures.

The primary factors contributing to the goodwill impairment loss were actual and projected revenue and profitability for Fiscal 2014 and Fiscal 2015, and the corresponding impact beyond those periods. Fiscal 2014 revenues and profitability on a consolidated basis were at or near their lowest levels in the past 6 years. Products revenues in Fiscal 2014 were impacted by reduced spending in both direct and indirect channels by our government clients as a result of the federal budget sequestration, which the Company believes may continue to impact North America Products Revenues, relative to recent historic levels, for the foreseeable future. Services Revenues were impacted by weaker than anticipated client adoption of the rapidly changing communications technology in our core markets. Products and Services Operating income margin were impacted by historically low gross profit margins as a result of continued competitive pricing pressures and current period investments for growth programs which, it is expected, will continue in Fiscal 2015. The Company believes that these short-term investments will enable it to grow revenue profitably in the longer term. Also contributing to the goodwill impairment loss was an increased weighted-average cost of capital for all of our reporting units (primarily driven by debt-related components of the weighted-average cost of capital).

The Company then adjusted the carrying value of its reporting units to reflect the goodwill impairment loss and compared that adjusted carrying value to the fair value of the reporting units. The excess of the fair value over this adjusted carrying value was $24,909 , $51,957 , $16,430 and $1,859 for North America Products, North America Services, International Products and International Services, respectively. A 100 basis point increase in the weighted-average cost of capital, which, holding all other assumptions constant, would have a significant impact on the fair value of a reporting unit, would decrease the fair value of the reporting units by $8,911 , $39,375 , $3,333 and $1,402 for North America Products, North America Services, International Products and International Services, respectively.
Long-Lived Assets other than Goodwill
The Company reviews long-lived assets including indefinite-lived intangible assets and property, plant and equipment for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If the sum of the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted) expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of an asset is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized. Measurement of an impairment loss is based on the fair value of the asset. During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2016 and in connection with a downward adjustment to revenue and profitability outlook for Fiscal 2016, the Company conducted an interim long-lived asset assessment and determined such assets, with the exception of Trademarks, were recoverable as of December 26, 2015. The Company recorded an Intangible asset impairment loss of $542 to reduce book value to fair value. There are no long-lived assets impairments during Fiscal 2015 or Fiscal 2014.

Loss Contingencies
The Company becomes subject to contingencies as a normal part of its business operations, such as future warranty obligations and potential liabilities relating to legal or regulatory matters. The Company accrues for contingent obligations when a loss is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

Revenue Recognition
Products revenues are recognized when title to products sold passes to the client, which generally occurs upon shipment from the Company’s location, the fee is fixed or determinable, collectibility is reasonably assured and no further obligation exists.


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Services revenues are recognized from maintenance service contracts, MAC work and network integration services when the services are provided. Service contracts are generally pre-billed, recorded in Deferred revenue within the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets and are generally recognized over the service period on a straight-line basis. Revenues from the sale and installation of products and systems are recognized using the percentage-of-completion method based upon the proportion of actual costs incurred to estimated total costs. At the time a loss on a contract becomes known, the entire amount of the estimated loss is recognized immediately in the financial statements. The Company has historically made reasonably accurate estimates of the extent of progress towards completion, contract revenues and contract costs on its long-term contracts. However, due to uncertainties inherent in the estimation process, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
There have been no accounting pronouncements adopted during Fiscal 2016 , Fiscal 2015 or Fiscal 2014 that had a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Update 2015-03, "Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs" ("ASC 2015-03") which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-15, "Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements," ("ASC 2015-15"). ASC 2015-15 provides additional guidance to ASC 2015-03, which did not address presentation or subsequent measurement of debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements. ASC 2015-03 requires retrospective adoption and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2015 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2015-03 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-05, "Customer's Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement" ("ASC 2015-05") which provides additional guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. Under ASC 2015-05, if a software cloud computing arrangement contains a software license, customers should account for the license element of the arrangement in a manner consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If the arrangement does not contain a software license, customers should account for the arrangement as a service contract. Entities can use either of two methods: (i) prospectively to all arrangements entered into or materially modified after the effective date; or (ii) retrospectively providing certain additional disclosures as defined per ASC 2015-05. ASC 2015-05 is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2015 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2015-05 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" ("ASC 2014-09"), which was amended in July 2015 by ASC Update No. 2015-14, that outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance. The core principle of ASC 2014-09 is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expected to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Entities can use either of two methods: (i) retrospective to each prior period presented with the option to elect certain practical expedients as defined within ASC 2014-09; or (ii) retrospective with the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 2014-09 recognized at the date of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures as defined per ASC 2014-09. ASC 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2017 for public companies with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is evaluating the method of adoption and the impact of the adoption of ASU 2014-09 on its consolidated financial statements.
In July 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-11, "Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory" ("ASC 2015-11") which requires that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. ASC 2015-11 should be adopted prospectively and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2015-11 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-17, "Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes" ("ASC 2015-17") which requires all deferred tax assets and liabilities, including related valuation allowances, be classified as non-current on the consolidated balance sheets. ASC 2015-17 may be adopted prospectively or retrospectively and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. The Company elected to early adopt ASC 2015-17 as of March 31, 2016 with no material impact on our financial statements.

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In February 2016, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2016-02, "Leases" ("ASC 2016-02") which requires, as of the commencement date of a lease, a liability for a lessee's obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and an a right-of-use asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. ASC 2016-02 must be adopted using the modified retrospective approach and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2016-02 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2016-09, "Compensation - Stock Compensation" ("ASC 2016-02") which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award including: (a) income tax consequences; (b) classification of awards as either equity or liabilities; and (c) classification on the statement of cash flows. ASC 2016-09 has multiple transition requirements is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2016-09 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
Cautionary Forward Looking Statements
When included in this Annual Report or in documents incorporated herein by reference, the words "should," "expects," "intends," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "approximates," "targets," "plans" and analogous expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. One can also identify forward-looking statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Such statements are inherently subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Although it is not possible to predict or identify all risk factors, such risks and uncertainties may include, among others, levels of business activity and operating expenses, expenses relating to corporate compliance requirements, cash flows, global economic and business conditions, successful integration of acquisitions, the timing and costs of restructuring programs, successful marketing of the Company's products and services offerings, successful implementation of the Company’s M&A program including identifying appropriate targets, consummating transactions and successfully integrating the businesses, successful implementation of the Company’s government contracting programs, competition, changes in foreign, political and economic conditions, fluctuating foreign currencies compared to the U.S. dollar, rapid changes in technologies, client preferences, the Company’s arrangements with suppliers of voice equipment and technology, government budgetary constraints and various other matters, many of which are beyond the Company’s control. Additional risk factors are included in this Annual Report. These forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and speak only as of the date of this Annual Report. The Company expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or any changes in the Company’s expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any statement is based and cautions you not to unduly rely on any such forward-looking statements.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

The Company is exposed to market risks in the ordinary course of business that include interest-rate volatility and foreign currency exchange rates volatility. Market risk is measured as the potential negative impact on earnings, cash flows or fair values resulting from a hypothetical change in interest rates or foreign currency exchange rates over the next year. The Company does not hold or issue any other financial derivative instruments (other than those specifically noted below) nor does it engage in speculative trading of financial derivatives.

Interest-rate Risk
The Company’s primary interest-rate risk relates to its long-term debt obligations under the Credit Agreement which was $119,000 as of March 31, 2016 . To mitigate the risk of interest-rate fluctuations associated with the Company’s variable rate long-term debt, the Company previously implemented an interest-rate risk management strategy that incorporates the use of derivative instruments to minimize significant unplanned fluctuations in earnings caused by interest-rate volatility. On November 15, 2011 , the Company entered into a three -year floating-to-fixed interest-rate swap, with an effective start date of July 26, 2012 , that was based on a three -month LIBOR rate versus a 1.25%  fixed rate, had a notional value of $125,000 and terminated on July 26, 2015. As a result of reduced debt levels and expected continued low interest rates, the Company did not replace this swap. As of March 31, 2016 , an instantaneous 100 basis point increase in the interest rate of the variable rate debt would reduce the Company’s earnings in the subsequent fiscal quarter by $302 ( $186 net of tax) assuming the Company employed no intervention strategies.

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Foreign Exchange Rate Risk
The Company has operations, clients and suppliers worldwide, thereby exposing the Company’s financial results to foreign currency fluctuations. In an effort to reduce this risk of foreign currency fluctuations, the Company generally sells and purchases inventory based on prices denominated in U.S. dollars. Intercompany sales to subsidiaries are generally denominated in the subsidiaries’ local currency. The Company has entered into and will continue to enter into, on a selective basis, foreign currency contracts to reduce the foreign currency exposure related to certain intercompany transactions, primarily trade receivables and loans. All of the foreign currency contracts have been designated and qualify as cash flow hedges. The effective portion of any changes in the fair value of the derivative instruments is recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ("AOCI") until the hedged forecasted transaction occurs or the recognized currency transaction affects earnings. Once the forecasted transaction occurs or the recognized currency transaction affects earnings, the effective portion of any related gains or losses on the cash flow hedge is reclassified from AOCI to the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. In the event it becomes probable that the hedged forecasted transaction will not occur, the ineffective portion of any gain or loss on the related cash flow hedge would be reclassified from AOCI to the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.

As of March 31, 2016 , the Company had open foreign currency contracts in Australian and Canadian dollars, Danish krone, Euros, Mexican pesos, Norwegian kroner, British pounds sterling, Swedish krona, Swiss francs and Japanese yen. The open contracts have contract rates ranging from 1.32 to 1.40 Australian dollar, 1.30 to 1.38 Canadian dollar, 6.66 to 7.04 Danish krone, 0.89 to 0.95 Euro, 16.86 to 17.78 Mexican peso, 7.96 to 8.87 Norwegian kroner, 0.64 to 0.71 British pound sterling, 8.26 to 8.78 Swedish krona, 0.93 to 1.02 Swiss franc and 112.65 to 123.42 Japanese yen, all per U.S. dollar. The total open contracts had a notional amount of $41,932 and will expire within nine months.


26

Table of Contents                                             


Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Page
 
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 


27

Table of Contents                                             

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Board of Directors and Stockholders
Black Box Corporation
Lawrence, Pennsylvania

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Black Box Corporation as of March 31, 2016 and 2015 and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders' equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2016 . In connection with our audits of the financial statements, we have also audited Schedule II - Valuation and Qualifying Accounts. These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements and schedule. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Black Box Corporation at March 31, 2016 and 2015 , and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2016 , in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Also, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Black Box Corporation's internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2016 , based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) and our report dated May 12, 2016 , expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.


/s/ BDO USA, LLP

Chicago, Illinois
May 12, 2016


28

Table of Contents                                             

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Board of Directors and Stockholders
Black Box Corporation
Lawrence, Pennsylvania

We have audited Black Box Corporation's internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2016 , based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). The Company's management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying “Item 9A, Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.” Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2016 , based on the COSO criteria.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Black Box Corporation as of March 31, 2016 and 2015 , and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2016 and our report dated May 12, 2016 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

Chicago, Illinois
May 12, 2016


29

Table of Contents                                             

BLACK BOX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
March 31,
In thousands, except par value
2016

2015

Assets
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
23,497

$
23,534

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,808 and $5,109
139,222

150,562

Inventories, net
42,703

54,437

Costs/estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
66,664

79,329

Other assets
27,315

31,345

Total current assets
299,401

339,207

Property, plant and equipment, net
34,474

32,247

Goodwill, net

191,178

Intangibles, net
78,181

88,098

Deferred tax asset
57,065

31,138

Other assets
6,673

4,391

Total assets
$
475,794

$
686,259

Liabilities
 
 
Accounts payable
$
56,774

$
64,509

Accrued compensation and benefits
21,493

24,817

Deferred revenue
29,441

34,913

Billings in excess of costs/estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts
20,411

16,380

Other liabilities
42,234

47,100

Total current liabilities
170,353

187,719

Long-term debt
119,663

137,267

Other liabilities
29,545

24,162

Total liabilities
319,561

349,148

Stockholders’ equity
 
 
Preferred stock authorized 5,000, par value $1.00, none issued


Common stock authorized 100,000, par value $.001, 15,018 and 15,365 shares outstanding, 26,470 and 26,305 issued
26

26

Additional paid-in capital
501,839

498,052

Retained earnings
80,553

258,388

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(13,075
)
(13,399
)
Treasury stock, at cost 11,452 and 10,940 shares
(413,110
)
(405,956
)
Total stockholders’ equity
156,233

337,111

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
475,794

$
686,259

 
 
 

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

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Table of Contents                                             

BLACK BOX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Year Ended March 31,
In thousands, except per share amounts
2016

2015

2014

Revenues
 
 
 
Products
$
166,536

$
176,819

$
182,153

Services
746,119

815,625

789,521

Total
912,655

992,444

971,674

Cost of sales *
 
 
 
Products
97,543

103,075

105,477

Services
544,775

587,100

562,615

Total
642,318

690,175

668,092

Gross profit
270,337

302,269

303,582

Selling, general & administrative expenses
255,665

263,146

245,521

Asset impairment loss
192,186


154,429

Intangibles amortization
10,311

10,549

12,024

Operating income (loss)
(187,825
)
28,574

(108,392
)
Interest expense, net
4,712

4,416

4,647

Other expenses (income), net
547

570

1,197

Income (loss) before provision for income taxes
(193,084
)
23,588

(114,236
)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
(21,982
)
8,246

1,637

Net income (loss)
$
(171,102
)
$
15,342

$
(115,873
)
Earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
Basic
$
(11.18
)
$
1.00

$
(7.33
)
Diluted
$
(11.18
)
$
0.99

$
(7.33
)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
Basic
15,303

15,407

15,813

Diluted
15,303

15,483

15,813

Dividends per share
$
0.44

$
0.40

$
0.36

* Exclusive of depreciation and intangibles amortization.
See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

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Table of Contents                                             

BLACK BOX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

 
Year Ended March 31,
In thousands
2016

2015

2014

Net income (loss)
$
(171,102
)
$
15,342

$
(115,873
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment
1,970

(17,954
)
4,288

Defined Benefit Pension
 
 
 
Actuarial gain (loss), net of taxes of ($733), ($1,950) and $962
(1,881
)
(2,999
)
1,386

Amounts reclassified into results of operations, net of taxes of $166, $112 and $185
287

172

283

Derivative Instruments
 
 
 
Net change in fair value of cash flow hedges, net of taxes of ($321), ($154) and ($744)
(580
)
(250
)
(1,212
)
Amounts reclassified into results of operations, net of taxes of $282, $187 and $692
528

305

1,125

Other comprehensive income (loss)
$
324

$
(20,726
)
$
5,870

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
(170,778
)
$
(5,384
)
$
(110,003
)
 
 
 
 

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements


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Table of Contents                                             

BLACK BOX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Common Stock
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
In thousands
Shares

$.001 par

Shares

$

Additional Paid-in Capital

Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment

Derivative Instruments

Defined Benefit Pension

Retained Earnings

Total

March 31, 2013
25,898

$
26

9,765

$
(376,086
)
$
486,075

$
12,809

$
(171
)
$
(11,181
)
$
370,775

$
482,247

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(115,873
)
(115,873
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
 
 
 
 
4,288

 
 
 
4,288

Pension, net of taxes
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
  
 

Actuarial gain (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,386

 
1,386

Actuarial gain (loss) reclassified into results of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
283

 
283

Derivative Instruments, net of taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 

Net change in fair value of cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,212
)
 
 
(1,212
)
Amounts reclassified into results of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,125

 
 
1,125

Stock compensation expense
 
 
 
 
6,589

 
 
 
 
6,589

Dividends declared
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5,685
)
(5,685
)
Issuance of common stock
238


 
 

 
 
 
 

Repurchases of common stock
 
 
813

(21,794
)
 
 
 
 
 
(21,794
)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
 
 
 
 
988

 
 
 
 
988

Tax impact from equity awards
 
 
 
 
(1,225
)
 
 
 
 
(1,225
)
March 31, 2014
26,136

$
26

10,578

$
(397,880
)
$
492,427

$
17,097

$
(258
)
$
(9,512
)
$
249,217

$
351,117

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15,342

15,342

Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
 
 
 
 
(17,954
)
 
 
 
(17,954
)
Pension, net of taxes
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
Actuarial gain (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,999
)
 
(2,999
)
Actuarial gain (loss) reclassified into results of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
172

 
172

Derivative Instruments, net of taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
Net change in fair value of cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
(250
)
 
 
(250
)
Amounts reclassified into results of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
305

 
 
305

Stock compensation expense
 
 
 
 
6,008

 
 
 
 
6,008

Dividends declared
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(6,171
)
(6,171
)
Issuance of common stock
169


 
 

 
 
 
 

Repurchases of common stock
 
 
361

(8,076
)
 
 
 
 
 
(8,076
)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Tax impact from equity awards
 
 
 
 
(383
)
 
 
 
 
(383
)
March 31, 2015
26,305

$
26

10,939

$
(405,956
)
$
498,052

$
(857
)
$
(203
)
$
(12,339
)
$
258,388

$
337,111

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(171,102
)
(171,102
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
 
 
 
 
1,970

 
 
 
1,970

Pension, net of taxes
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
  
 
 
Actuarial gain (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,881
)
 
(1,881
)
Actuarial gain (loss) reclassified into results of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
287

 
287

Derivative Instruments, net of taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
Net change in fair value of cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
(580
)
 
 
(580
)
Amounts reclassified into results of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
528

 
 
528

Stock compensation expense
 
 
 
 
5,064

 
 
 
 
5,064

Dividends declared
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(6,733
)
(6,733
)
Issuance of common stock
165


 
 

 
 
 
 

Repurchases of common stock
 
 
512

(7,154
)
 
 
 
 
 
(7,154
)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Tax impact from equity awards
 
 
 
 
(1,277
)
 
 
 
 
(1,277
)
March 31, 2016
26,470

$
26

11,451

$
(413,110
)
$
501,839

$
1,113

$
(255
)
$
(13,933
)
$
80,553

$
156,233

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

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Table of Contents                                             

BLACK BOX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
Year Ended March 31,
In thousands
2016

2015

2014

Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(171,102
)
$
15,342

$
(115,873
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
 
 
 
Intangibles amortization
10,311

10,549

12,024

Depreciation
8,562

6,978

6,187

Loss (gain) on sale of property
16

(143
)
92

Deferred taxes
(26,145
)
4,656

(8,672
)
Stock compensation expense
5,065

6,009

6,589

Change in fair value of interest-rate swaps
(399
)
(1,147
)
(832
)
Asset impairment loss
192,186


154,429

Joint venture investment loss


822

Provision for obsolete inventory
7,735

2,260

2,522

Provision for (recovery of) doubtful accounts
3,819

1,638

4,324

Changes in operating assets and liabilities (net of acquisitions)
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
7,819

(108
)
(7,409
)
Inventories
4,048

(5,745
)
996

Costs/estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
12,682

9,892

11,767

All other assets
(280
)
(14,152
)
(778
)
Billings in excess of costs/estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts
4,035

580

2,543

Accounts payable
(7,568
)
1,786

(1,360
)
All other liabilities
(13,582
)
8,103

(11,025
)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
$
37,202

$
46,498

$
56,346

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
$
(10,477
)
$
(8,515
)
$
(7,338
)
Capital disposals
162

208

16

Acquisition of businesses (payments)/recoveries
(773
)


Prior merger-related (payments)/recoveries

(780
)
(779
)
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
$
(11,088
)
$
(9,087
)
$
(8,101
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Proceeds (repayments) from long-term debt
$
(17,788
)
$
(24,475
)
$
(27,382
)
Proceeds (repayments) from short-term debt
4,063

(2,291
)
2,267

Purchase of treasury stock
(7,154
)
(8,076
)
(21,794
)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options


988

Payment of dividends
(6,617
)
(6,034
)
(5,576
)
Increase (decrease) in cash overdrafts
(168
)
(321
)
(524
)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
$
(27,664
)
$
(41,197
)
$
(52,021
)
Foreign currency exchange impact on cash
$
1,513

$
(3,490
)
$
3,866

Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
$
(37
)
$
(7,276
)
$
90

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
$
23,534

$
30,810

$
30,720

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
23,497

$
23,534

$
30,810

Supplemental cash flow
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
5,876

$
5,450

$
5,527

Cash paid for income taxes
3,482

8,259

13,651

Non-cash financing activities
 
 
 
Dividends payable
1,652

1,537

1,400

Capital leases
437

2,028

260


See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

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Table of Contents                                             

BLACK BOX CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1: Business and Basis of Presentation

Business
Black Box Corporation ("Black Box," or "the Company”) is a leading technology solutions provider dedicated to helping customers design, build, manage, and secure their IT infrastructure. The Company offers Products and Services that it distributes through two platforms it has built over its 40 -year history. The Products platform provides networking solutions through the sale of products including: (i) IT infrastructure, (ii) specialty networking, (iii) multimedia and (iv) keyboard/video/mouse ("KVM") switching. The Services platform is comprised of engineering and design, network operations centers, technical certifications, national and international sales teams, remote monitoring, on-site service teams and technology partner centers of excellence which includes dedicated sales and engineering resources. The primary services offered through this platform include: (i) communications lifecycle services, (ii) unified communications, (iii) structured cabling, (iv) video/AV services, (v) in-building wireless and (vi) data center services. Founded in 1976, Black Box, a Delaware corporation, is headquartered near Pittsburgh in Lawrence, Pennsylvania.
Basis of Presentation
References herein to "Fiscal Year" or "Fiscal" mean the Company’s fiscal year ended March 31 for the year referenced. All references to dollar amounts herein are presented in thousands, except per share amounts, unless otherwise noted.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the parent company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain items in the consolidated financial statements of prior years have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on reported net income (loss), comprehensive income (loss), cash flows, total assets or total stockholders' equity.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires Company management ("Management") to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates in these financial statements include project progress towards completion to estimated budget, allowances for doubtful accounts receivable, sales returns, net realizable value of inventories, loss contingencies, warranty reserves, property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and goodwill. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Management believes the estimates made are reasonable.

Note 2: Significant Accounting Policies

Cash and cash equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents are stated at cost, which approximates fair value.

Allowance for doubtful accounts receivable
An allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded as an offset to accounts receivable in order to present the net balance that the Company believes will be collected. This allowance is based on both recent trends in certain accounts receivable ("specific reserve") estimated to be a greater credit risk as well as general trends in the entire accounts receivable pool ("general reserve"). The Company computes a specific reserve by identifying specifically at-risk accounts receivable and applying historic reserve factors to the outstanding balance. The Company computes a general reserve by reviewing the accounts receivable aging and applying reserve factors based upon the age of the account receivable. Additions to the allowance for doubtful accounts are charged to Selling, general & administrative expense within the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations, and deductions from the allowance are recorded when specific accounts receivable are written off as uncollectible. The provision for doubtful accounts expense was $3,819 , $1,638 and $4,324 for Fiscal 2016 , Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively.


35

Table of Contents                                             

Inventories
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. The Company uses the first-in, first-out average cost method to value the majority of its inventory. However, several locations within the Company use other valuation methods, including first-in, first-out ("FIFO"). The Company records an estimate for slow moving and obsolete inventory ("inventory reserve") based upon our product knowledge, physical inventory observation, future demand, market conditions and an aging analysis of the inventory on hand. For “convenience,” we reduce inventory cost through a contra asset rather than through a new cost basis. Upon a subsequent sale or disposal of the impaired inventory, the corresponding reserve is relieved to ensure the cost basis of the inventory reflects any reductions. During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2016, the Company recorded an Inventory impairment loss of $2,192 due to a non-recurring write-down to the lower of cost or market as a result of a product line discontinuation in Products and an Inventory impairment loss of $3,791 due to a non-recurring write-down to the lower of cost or market as a result of excess inventory given current revenue levels in Services.

Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are charged to operations as incurred. Major renewals and betterments, which substantially extend the useful life of the property, are capitalized at cost. Upon sale or other disposition of assets, the costs and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and the resulting gain or loss, if any, is reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of 30 to 40  years for buildings and improvements and 3 to 5  years for equipment and computer hardware and software. Leasehold improvements are depreciated over their lease terms, or useful lives, if shorter. The Company reviews property, plant and equipment for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If the sum of the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted) expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of an asset is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized. Measurement of an impairment loss is based on the fair value of the asset. No impairment of property, plant and equipment has been identified during any of the periods presented.

Goodwill
Goodwill is the excess of purchase price over the value of net assets acquired in acquisitions. The Company conducts its annual goodwill impairment assessment during the third quarter of its fiscal year, using data as of the end of the second quarter of its fiscal year. Goodwill is tested using a two-step process. The first step of the goodwill impairment assessment, used to identify potential impairment, compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill ("net book value"). If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its net book value, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired, thus the second step of the impairment test is unnecessary. If net book value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the goodwill impairment test will be performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. The second step of the goodwill impairment assessment, used to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any, compares the implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. The implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill is determined as the residual between the fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of its assets (including any unrecognized intangible assets) and liabilities. If the carrying amount of reporting unit goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss shall be recognized in an amount equal to that excess.

In the first step of the goodwill impairment assessment, the Company uses an income approach to derive a present value of the reporting unit’s projected future annual cash flows and the present residual value of the reporting unit. The Company uses the income approach because it believes that the discounted future cash flows provide greater detail and opportunity to reflect facts, circumstances and economic conditions for each reporting unit. In addition, the Company believes that this valuation approach is a proven valuation technique and methodology for its industry and is widely accepted by investors. The Company uses a variety of underlying assumptions to estimate these future cash flows, which vary for each of the reporting units and include (i) future revenue growth rates, (ii) future operating profitability, (iii) the weighted-average cost of capital and (iv) a terminal growth rate. If the Company’s estimates and assumptions used in the discounted future cash flows should change at some future date, the Company could incur an impairment charge which could have a material adverse effect on the results of operations reported for the period in which the impairment occurs.

Intangible Assets
Definite-lived intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of 3 to 5  years for non-compete agreements, one year for backlog and 4 to 20  years for customer relationships. Indefinite-lived intangible assets not subject to amortization consist solely of the Company’s trademark portfolio and are reviewed for impairment annually. The Company reviews definite-lived intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If the sum of the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted) expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of an asset is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized. Measurement of an impairment loss is based on the fair value of the asset.

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Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

Foreign Currency Contracts
The Company has operations, clients and suppliers worldwide, thereby exposing the Company’s financial results to foreign currency fluctuations. In an effort to reduce this risk of foreign currency fluctuations, the Company generally sells and purchases inventory based on prices denominated in U.S. dollars. Intercompany sales to subsidiaries are generally denominated in the subsidiaries’ local currency. The Company has entered and will continue in the future, on a selective basis, to enter into foreign currency contracts to reduce the foreign currency exposure related to certain intercompany transactions, primarily trade receivables and loans. All of the foreign currency contracts have been designated and qualify as cash flow hedges. The effective portion of any changes in the fair value of the derivative instruments is recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ("AOCI") until the hedged forecasted transaction occurs or the recognized currency transaction affects earnings. Once the forecasted transaction occurs or the recognized currency transaction affects earnings, the effective portion of any related gains or losses on the cash flow hedge is reclassified from AOCI to the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. In the event it becomes probable that the hedged forecasted transaction will not occur, the ineffective portion of any gain or loss on the related cash flow hedge would be reclassified from AOCI to the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Interest-rate Swap
To mitigate the risk of interest-rate fluctuations associated with the Company’s variable rate long-term debt, the Company has implemented an interest-rate risk management strategy that incorporates the use of derivative instruments to minimize significant unplanned fluctuations in earnings caused by interest-rate volatility. The Company’s goal is to manage interest-rate sensitivity by modifying the re-pricing characteristics of certain balance sheet liabilities so that the net-interest margin is not, on a material basis, adversely affected by the movements in interest rates. The interest-rate swap (defined below) is recognized on the consolidated balance sheets at fair value. It does not meet the requirements for hedge accounting and is marked to market through Interest expense (income) within the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Foreign Currency Translation
The financial statements of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries, except those subsidiaries in Brazil and Mexico, are recorded in the local currency, which is the functional currency. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at the rate of exchange existing at the year-end date. Revenues and expenses are translated at the average monthly exchange rates. Adjustments resulting from these translations are recorded in AOCI within the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets and will be included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations upon sale or liquidation of the foreign investment. Gains and losses from foreign currency transactions, denominated in a currency other than the functional currency, are insignificant to the Consolidated Statement of Operations and are recorded in Other expenses (income) within the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. The U.S. dollar is the functional currency for those subsidiaries located in Brazil and Mexico.

Revenue
Products revenues are recognized when title to products sold passes to the client, which generally occurs upon shipment from the Company’s location, the fee is fixed or determinable, collectibility is reasonably assured and no further obligation exists.

Services revenues are recognized from maintenance service contracts, moves, adds and changes and network integration services when the services are provided. Service contracts are generally pre-billed, recorded in Deferred revenue within the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets and are generally recognized over the service period on a straight-line basis. Revenues from the sale and installation of products and systems are recognized using the percentage-of-completion method based upon the proportion of actual costs incurred to estimated total costs. At the time a loss on a contract becomes known, the entire amount of the estimated loss is recognized immediately in the financial statements. The Company has historically made reasonably accurate estimates of the extent of progress towards completion, contract revenues and contract costs on its long-term contracts. However, due to uncertainties inherent in the estimation process, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Sales returns - At the time of sale, an estimate for sales returns is recorded based on historical experience.

Warranties - Estimated future warranty costs related to certain products are charged to operations in the period the related revenue is recognized based on historical experience.

Shipping and handling fees and costs - All fees billed to clients for shipping and handling are classified as a component of Revenues. All costs associated with shipping and handling are classified as a component of Cost of sales.

Sales tax and other tax presentation - Sales taxes and other taxes are collected from clients on behalf of governmental authorities at the time of sale. These taxes are accounted for on a net basis and are not included in Revenues or Cost of sales.


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Stock-Based Compensation
Stock options: The Company records expense for those stock awards, vesting during the period, for which the requisite service period is expected to be rendered. The Company uses historical data in order to project the future employee turnover rates used to estimate the number of stock options for which the requisite service period will not be rendered. The fair value of stock options is determined on the grant date using a Black-Scholes option pricing model which includes several subjective assumptions. The Company recognizes the fair value of these awards into expense ratably over the requisite service periods associated with the award. The assumptions are summarized as follows:

Expected volatility: The Company estimates the volatility of its common stock, par value $.001 per share (the "common stock"), at the date of grant based on the historical volatility of its common stock.

Dividend yield: The Company estimates the dividend yield assumption based on the Company’s historical and projected dividend payouts.

Risk-free interest rate: The Company derives its risk-free interest rate on the observed interest rates appropriate for the term of the Company’s employee stock options.

Expected holding period: The Company estimates the expected holding period based on historical experience.

Restricted stock units: The Company records expense for those stock awards, vesting during the period, for which the requisite service period is expected to be rendered. The Company uses historical data in order to project the future employee turnover rates used to estimate the number of restricted stock units for which the requisite service period will not be rendered. The fair value of restricted stock units is determined based on the number of restricted stock units granted and the closing market price of the common stock on the date of grant. The Company recognizes the fair value of awards into expense ratably over the requisite service periods associated with the award.

Performance share awards: The Company records expense for those stock awards, vesting during the period, for which the requisite service period is expected to be rendered. The Company uses historical data in order to project the future employee turnover rates used to estimate the number of performance shares for which the requisite service period will not be rendered. The fair value of performance share awards subject to a cumulative Adjusted EBITDA target (as defined in the performance share award agreement) is determined based on the number of performance shares granted and the closing market price of the common stock on the date of grant. The Company recognizes the fair value of awards into expense ratably over the requisite service periods associated with the award. The probability of vesting of the award and the applicable number of shares of common stock to be issued are reassessed at each period end. The fair value of performance share awards subject to the Company’s total shareholder return ranking relative to the total shareholder return of the common stock (or its equivalent) of the companies in a peer group (the "Company’s Relative TSR Ranking") is determined on the grant date using a Monte-Carlo simulation valuation method which includes several subjective assumptions. The Company recognizes the fair value of these awards into expense ratably over the requisite service periods associated with the award. The assumptions are summarized as follows:

Expected volatility. The Company estimates the volatility of its common stock at the date of grant based on the historical volatility of its common stock.

Risk-Free rate. The Company derives its risk-free interest rate on the observed interest rates with an equivalent remaining term equal to the expected life of the award.

Dividend yield. The Company estimates the dividend yield assumption based on the Company’s historical and projected dividend payouts.

Marketing and Advertising Expenses
Catalogs and other direct marketing pieces are capitalized and amortized over their expected period of future benefit ranging from one to two -years, which is recorded in Prepaid and other assets within the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. All other advertising costs are expensed as incurred.

Advertising expense was $5,353 , $5,629 and $4,778 for Fiscal 2016 , Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively, and is recorded in Selling, general & administrative expenses within the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.


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Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability approach, which requires the recognition of deferred income tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the Company’s financial statements or tax returns. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates. A valuation allowance is provided on deferred tax assets if it is determined that it is more likely than not that the asset will not be realized.

The Company requires that the realization of an uncertain income tax position must be "more likely than not" ( i.e. , greater than 50% likelihood of receiving a benefit) before it can be recognized in the financial statements. The benefit to be recorded in the financial statements is the amount most likely to be realized assuming a review by tax authorities having all relevant information and applying current conventions. The Company includes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions within the Provision (benefit) for income taxes within the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Per share information
Basic earnings (loss) per common share ("basic EPS") is computed by dividing Net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of the common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per share of the common stock is computed similarly to that of basic EPS, except that the weighted-average number of shares of the common stock outstanding during the period is adjusted to include the number of additional shares of the common stock that would have been outstanding if the potential number of dilutive shares of the common stock had been issued.

Fair Value
The Company’s assets and liabilities recorded at fair value are categorized based upon a fair value hierarchy that ranks the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair value. The levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

Level 1 : Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

Level 2 : Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability ( e.g. , interest rates); and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.

Level 3 : Inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on one or more of the valuation techniques. The valuation techniques are described below.

Market approach : The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.

Cost approach: The cost approach is based on the amount that currently would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (current replacement cost).

Income approach: The income approach uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount.

The fair value of foreign currency contracts is determined using the market approach and primarily based on observable foreign exchange forward rates. The fair value of pension plan assets is determined using a market approach and consists of $21,275 of mutual funds measured using level 1 inputs and $11,111 of common collective trusts measured using level 2 inputs. The fair value of the interest-rate swaps (as defined below) is determined using the income approach and is predominately based on observable interest rates and yield curves. The fair value of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including Accounts receivable and Accounts payable, approximates the carrying value due to the relatively short maturity of such instruments. The fair value of the Company's Long-term debt approximates carrying value because the interest rate is subject to change with market interest rates. There have been no changes in the Company’s valuation techniques used to measure fair values during Fiscal 2016 . See Note 9 for further reference.


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Recently Issued Accounting Standards
There have been no accounting pronouncements adopted during Fiscal 2016 , Fiscal 2015 or Fiscal 2014 that had a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Update 2015-03, "Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs" ("ASC 2015-03") which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-15, "Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements," ("ASC 2015-15"). ASC 2015-15 provides additional guidance to ASC 2015-03, which did not address presentation or subsequent measurement of debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements. ASC 2015-03 requires retrospective adoption and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2015 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2015-03 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-05, "Customer's Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement" ("ASC 2015-05") which provides additional guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. Under ASC 2015-05, if a software cloud computing arrangement contains a software license, customers should account for the license element of the arrangement in a manner consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If the arrangement does not contain a software license, customers should account for the arrangement as a service contract. Entities can use either of two methods: (i) prospectively to all arrangements entered into or materially modified after the effective date; or (ii) retrospectively providing certain additional disclosures as defined per ASC 2015-05. ASC 2015-05 is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2015 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2015-05 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" ("ASC 2014-09"), which was amended in July 2015 by ASC Update No. 2015-14, that outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance. The core principle of ASC 2014-09 is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expected to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Entities can use either of two methods: (i) retrospective to each prior period presented with the option to elect certain practical expedients as defined within ASC 2014-09; or (ii) retrospective with the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 2014-09 recognized at the date of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures as defined per ASC 2014-09. ASC 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2017 for public companies with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is evaluating the method of adoption and the impact of the adoption of ASU 2014-09 on its consolidated financial statements.
In July 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-11, "Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory" ("ASC 2015-11") which requires that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. ASC 2015-11 should be adopted prospectively and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2015-11 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2015-17, "Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes" ("ASC 2015-17") which requires all deferred tax assets and liabilities, including related valuation allowances, be classified as non-current on the consolidated balance sheets. ASC 2015-17 may be adopted prospectively or retrospectively and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. The Company elected to early adopt ASC 2015-17 as of March 31, 2016 on a retrospective basis which resulted in a reclassification from Other current assets to long-term Deferred tax asset within the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets of $4,130, which is not material to our financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2016-02, "Leases" ("ASC 2016-02") which requires, as of the commencement date of a lease, a liability for a lessee's obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and an a right-of-use asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. ASC 2016-02 must be adopted using the modified retrospective approach and is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2016-02 to have a material impact on our financial statements.

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In March 2016, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2016-09, "Compensation - Stock Compensation" ("ASC 2016-02") which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award including: (a) income tax consequences; (b) classification of awards as either equity or liabilities; and (c) classification on the statement of cash flows. ASC 2016-09 has multiple transition requirements is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods therein) beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 2016-09 to have a material impact on our financial statements.
Note 3: Inventories

The Company’s Inventories consist of the following:
 
March 31,
 
2016

2015

Raw materials
$
1,897

$
1,674

Finished goods
60,969

69,387

Inventory, gross
62,866

71,061

Excess and obsolete inventory reserves
(20,163
)
(16,624
)
Inventories, net
$
42,703

$
54,437


Note 4: Property, Plant and Equipment

The Company’s Property, plant and equipment consist of the following:
 
March 31,
 
2016

2015

Land
$
2,379

$
2,396

Building and improvements
32,532

31,367

Equipment and computer hardware and software
83,857

77,458

Property, plant and equipment, gross
118,768

111,221

Accumulated depreciation
(84,294
)
(78,974
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
34,474

$
32,247


Depreciation expense was $8,562 , $6,978 and $6,187 for Fiscal 2016 , Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014 , respectively.


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Note 5: Goodwill

We conduct business globally and manage our business on a geographic-service type basis consisting of four operating segments which are (i) North America Products, (ii) North America Services, (iii) International Products and (iv) International Services. The Company's operating segments are also its reporting units (for goodwill assessment purposes) and reporting segments (for financial reporting purposes).
The following table summarizes Goodwill at the Company’s reporting segments:
 
North America Products

North America Services

International Products

International Services

Total

Goodwill (gross) at March 31, 2014
$
79,749

$
506,281

$
39,024

$
40,126

$
665,180